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Anthropology is a jazz composition by Charlie Parker , Dizzy Gillespie and Joe Bishop from 1946.

The jazz theme anthropology with 32 bars, form AABA, is based on the harmonic basis of the jazz standard I Got Rhythm by George Gershwin . The melody, which is mainly made up of eighth notes, is usually performed in unison and mostly played in up tempo .

The composition was part of the classical bebop repertoire from an early age and was recorded over seven times by Parker alone from 1946 to 1951. Dizzy Gillespie recorded the piece three times.

Anthropology has also been recorded by Don Byas , Tadd Dameron , Barry Harris , Peter Herbolzheimer , Clifford Jordan , Paul Kuhn , Brad Mehldau , Bud Powell , James Moody , Gerry Mulligan , Art Pepper , Ira Sullivan , Lucky Thompson and Claude Thornhill .



  1. First recording: February / March 1946 in the Finale Club (Los Angeles). LP: Bird With Miles And Dizzy (Queen). Last recording: January 24th, 1951 at Birdland (LP: Summit Meeting At Birdland , CBS )
  2. A variant or a forerunner of Anthropology is Parker's composition Thriving from a Riff from the Koko session in 1945.