Employment Promotion Law

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The employment promotion law is a central subject of labor market policy .


In Germany, employment promotion law was incorporated into the Social Security Code as the Third Book of the Social Code (SGB III) with the Employment Promotion Reform Act of March 24, 1997 with effect from January 1, 1998 , which replaced the Employment Promotion Act (AFG). SGB ​​III regulates, among other things, unemployment insurance and thus one of the most important and politically most controversial areas of statutory social insurance .

With the laws for modern services on the labor market ( Hartz I-IV ), the labor promotion law was fundamentally reformed between 2003 and 2006, in particular by merging unemployment benefits and social assistance to form unemployment benefit II .

Goal setting

The main labor market policy priorities for implementing employment promotion in the 18th legislative period (2013-2017) are set out in the framework target agreement between the Federal Ministry of Labor and the Federal Employment Agency of December 15, 2014 ( Section 1 (3) SGB III). These are, in particular, the promotion of unemployed people who have been unemployed for a year or more (avoidance and reduction of long-term unemployment, Section 18 SGB ​​III), equality between women and men in the labor market and the strengthening of the inclusive education and labor market.

Insofar as the integration into work is intended, the second book of the Social Code (SGB II) is also part of the employment promotion law ( Section 1 SGB ​​II, employment promotion in the basic security for job seekers ). The employment agencies are obliged to work closely with the basic security providers ( Section 9a SGB ​​III).

Overall social significance

A high level of employment and the integration of employment promotion into the employment policy objectives of the respective social, economic and financial policy ( Section 1 (1), fourth and fifth sentences, SGB III) contribute to the overall economic balance ( Article 109 (2) of the Basic Law). Employment promotion law is therefore supplemented by legislative measures in social security, labor and tax law that affect employment relationships. Examples are regulations on marginal employment , temporary work or the minimum wage .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Article 1 of the Law on the Reform of Employment Promotion of March 24, 1997, Federal Law Gazette I, pages 597-689
  2. RZV SGB III ( Memento from March 25, 2016 in the Internet Archive )