Reich Insurance Code
|Title:||Reich Insurance Code|
|Scope:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Legal matter:||Social law|
|Original version from:||July 19, 1911
( RGBl. P. 509)
|Entry into force on:||July 19, 1911 - January 1, 1914|
|New announcement from:||December 15, 1924
(RGBl. I p. 779)
|Last change by:||
Art. 7 G of 23 October 2012
( Federal Law Gazette I p. 2246, 2262 )
|Effective date of the
|October 30, 2012
(Art. 16 para. 1 G of October 23, 2012)
|Please note the note on the applicable legal version.|
The Reich Insurance Code was passed on July 19, 1911 as the legal basis of the welfare state in Germany . In it the law of the workers' health insurance, the accident insurance law as well as the disability and old age insurance law were summarized in a set of rules. The RVO originally consisted of 1805 paragraphs. According to the Civil Code, it was the most extensive law in the German Empire .
The Reich Insurance Code consisted of six parts called "books":
The first book - common part - contained regulations that applied to all branches of social security. The second book contained the law of the statutory health insurance , the third book that of the statutory accident insurance and the fourth book the law of the statutory pension insurance of the workers. The fifth book regulated the relationships of the social security agencies to each other and to other obligated parties as well as the hiking insurance . The sixth book contained procedural rules.
Soon after it came into force, those applying the law complained about the unmanageability of the RVO: “Working with the Reich Insurance Code has become a torture”, complained the Bavarian government councilor Franz Eichelsbacher in 1921. “The body of law has been in existence since 1914 and especially since the overthrow so many additions and amendments have been made that often only those who are able to recognize the real legal situation who constantly have to deal with the law. "
In the second half of the 20th century it became clear that the RVO had become confusing due to many additions and additions. Therefore, from 1975 onwards, the Social Security Code (SGB) was drawn up, which replaced the RVO in many areas.
In 1988, the statutory health insurance was spun off as the fifth book of the social code by the health reform law , and in 1992 the statutory pension insurance as the sixth book of the social code . On January 1, 1997 the law of the statutory accident insurance was transferred from the Reich Insurance Code to the new Seventh Book of the Social Security Code .
- Martin Hartwig: Uniform paragraph monster, Reich Insurance Code came into force 100 years ago , Deutschlandradio, calendar sheet from July 19, 2011.
- Michael Stolleis: The machine house of the welfare state. In: FAZ of July 14, 2011, p. 6.
- Changes due to the Nursing Reorientation Act (PNG)