Holocaust literature department
The Holocaust Literature Unit has existed at the Justus Liebig University in Giessen since 1998 . The job, which is mainly financed by third parties, was set up at the initiative of Erwin Leibfried and Sascha Feuchert and the Ernst Ludwig Chambré Foundation in Lich at the then Institute for Modern German Literature, now the Institute for German Studies. The aim was to create a university institution that deals with the literary and didactic investigation and processing primarily of texts from the Holocaust and camp literature. This makes the job so far unique in Germany. Since 2008 it has been led by Sascha Feuchert; the historian Markus Roth is his deputy (since 2010). Since February 2016, the Holocaust Literature Unit has been financed to a large extent from the structural and innovation fund of the Hessian Ministry of Science and Art (HMWK) until the end of 2020.
Fields of employment
The primary task and goal of the department is the literary and didactic investigation as well as the preparation of texts from the Holocaust literature . It is an important concern of the office to use literary means to ensure that texts from the Holocaust and camp literature are critically discussed in academia and the public. This also includes dealing with reception processes. Particular attention is paid to the texts of survivors of the Holocaust. Readings and (scientific) publications should draw attention to your memories. Another focus of the workplace is the dialogue with the survivors. In addition to working on the projects and the courses, the office also organizes relevant readings and discussions. The MEMENTO series, a joint series with the Ernst Ludwig Chambré Foundation Lich, was replaced in 2015 by the series "Studies and Documents on Holocaust and Camp Literature", which was created for the Holocaust Literature Unit and the Ernst Ludwig Chambré Foundation zu Lich is published by Sascha Feuchert, Markus Roth, Klaus Konrad-Leder (dec.) and Kristine Tromsdorf by the Berlin Metropol Verlag .
An online bibliography of the Holocaust and camp literature from 1933 to 1949, which was already part of the cooperation project "GeoBib" with the Center for Media and Interactivity (ZMI) at the Justus Liebig University in Giessen , the Institute for Geography, is also being continued at JLU Giessen and the Herder Institute in Marburg, which was completed in July 2015. The early texts of the German-language Holocaust and camp literature from 1933 to 1949 are bibliographically recorded in an online database and linked to the electronic full texts of the works freely available under copyright law. In this way, these early texts, which have largely been displaced from cultural and collective memory, can only be found again and made accessible and prepared for public, scientific and didactic perception. The bibliographical entries are supplemented by content and biographical annotations.
Didactic issues are one of the central tasks of the job. To this end, we work closely with schools that a. Conversations with contemporary witnesses and experts can also be arranged. In addition to the involvement in courses and in schools, a number of teaching aids were published by Reclam Verlag , including the now widespread but now out of print volume “Holocaust Literature. Auschwitz ”by Sascha Feuchert. Further working texts for the lessons as well as reading keys were published in 2004 for Ruth Klüger's “ weiter leben ” and in 2005 for Bernhard Schlink's “ Der Vorleser ”. 2009, a teaching aid is the diary of Anne Frank was published and in 2018 a Lektüreschlüssel XL to John Boynes " The Boy in the Striped Pajamas ".
The main focus of the office includes editing projects that a. also dedicate texts that do not belong directly to Holocaust and camp literature, but should be seen in a wider context. The largest and most important project of the office was the interdisciplinary and international edition project on the chronicle of the Lodz / Litzmannstadt ghetto , which was funded by the German Research Foundation and , after nine years of intensive work, was first completed in October 2007 with the complete German version of the chronicle: The five-volume edition was published by Wallstein-Verlag in Göttingen and comprises 3,052 pages. The Polish edition followed in August 2009, and was published by the University Press Łódź. Another much-noticed edition project between 2005 and 2011 was devoted to Friedrich Kellner's diaries . The war diary of the former Laubacher (Upper Hesse) judicial clerk Friedrich Kellner, comprising a total of ten volumes, was compiled in secret between 1939 and 1945. The special thing about it is the collage technique, with which the author z. B. affixed newspaper clippings with comments and information added. His diary makes it clear how much an individual in the Third Reich could know about the course of the war, but also about the crimes of the National Socialists. The two-volume edition was published by Wallstein-Verlag in July 2011 and received wide media coverage and discussion.
The edition of the encyclopedia of the Lodz Litzmannstadt ghetto is being created in cooperation with the Chair of German Linguistics with special focus on the history of language ( Jörg Riecke ) and the Center for Holocaust Studies at the Institute for Contemporary History (IfZ) and financed by the German Research Foundation (DFG). In 1943/44, in addition to their work on the ghetto chronicle, employees of the archive around Oskar Singer and Oskar Rosenfeld wrote an encyclopedia of the ghetto. They wanted to make life in the ghetto more understandable for posterity by putting together a lexicon that explains the central terms of the ghetto language, explains administrative institutions, important personalities and events. In this way, they have created a unique but incomplete testimony that is contextualized in the edition project from a linguistic, literary and historical perspective.
A first German selection edition of the Ringelblum Archive , the underground archive of the Warsaw Ghetto, is also being produced in cooperation with the Center for Holocaust Studies at the Institute for Contemporary History (IfZ) Munich. The historian Emanuel Ringelblum and numerous employees collected various testimonies of the Holocaust in secret. They wanted to document and analyze their history and that of many others for posterity - even during persecution and mass murder. The underground archive from the Warsaw Ghetto is the central collection of sources on the life and death of Polish Jews under National Socialist occupation. For this purpose, the group of chroniclers collected official documents and notices, private diaries and letters, cultural programs, tickets and numerous other sources of everyday life. In addition, they produced their own reports on various aspects of ghetto life, motivated many other ghetto residents to write and organized essay competitions for children. This unique underground archive, which has largely survived, is now part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site .
- Janina Hescheles: With the eyes of a twelve-year-old girl. Ghetto - camp - hiding place. Edited by Markus Roth. Volume 7. Studies and documents on Holocaust and camp literature. Ed. for the Holocaust Literature Unit and the Ernst-Ludwig-Chambré-Stiftung zu Lich by Sascha Feuchert, Klaus Konrad-Leder (dec.), Markus Roth and Kristine Tromsdorf. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, 2019.
- Sascha Feuchert and Jeanne Flaum: Reading Key XL. The Boy in the John Boyne Striped Pajamas. Stuttgart: Reclam 2018.
- Holocaust testimony literature. 20 works read again. Edited by Markus Roth and Sascha Feuchert. Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag 2018.
- Francesco Fausto Nitti: Horses: 8 - People: 70. From southern France to Dachau. A contemporary report on the 'ghost train' in 1944 . Translated from the French by Günter Leitzgen. Edited by Charlotte Kitzinger and Markus Roth. Volume 6. Studies and documents on Holocaust and camp literature. Ed. for the Holocaust Literature Unit and the Ernst-Ludwig-Chambré-Stiftung zu Lich by Sascha Feuchert, Klaus Konrad-Leder (dec.), Markus Roth and Kristine Tromsdorf. Berlin: Metropol 2018.
- Maria "Mitzi" Gabrielsen, Oddvar Schjølberg: Reported by mom. The story of a denunciation. Edited by Markus Roth and Elisabeth Turvold. Volume 5. Studies and documents on Holocaust and camp literature. Ed. for the Holocaust Literature Unit and the Ernst-Ludwig-Chambré-Stiftung zu Lich by Sascha Feuchert, Klaus Konrad-Leder (dec.), Markus Roth and Kristine Tromsdorf. Berlin: Metropol, 2018.
- Jerzy Jurandot: Love is looking for an apartment. A comedy from the Warsaw Ghetto. Translated from Polish by Danuta Strobel with the assistance of Markus Roth. Edited by Markus Roth and David Safier. Volume 4. Studies and documents on Holocaust and camp literature. Ed. for the Holocaust Literature Unit and the Ernst-Ludwig-Chambré-Stiftung zu Lich by Sascha Feuchert, Klaus Konrad-Leder (dec.), Markus Roth and Kristine Tromsdorf. Berlin: Metropol, 2017.
- Ruth Barnett: Nationality: Stateless. The story of the self-discovery of a Kindertransport child. Edited by Sascha Feuchert, Markus Roth and Kristine Tromsdorf. Volume 3. Studies and documents on Holocaust and camp literature. Ed. for the Holocaust Literature Unit and the Ernst-Ludwig-Chambré-Stiftung zu Lich by Sascha Feuchert, Klaus Konrad-Leder (dec.), Markus Roth and Kristine Tromsdorf. Berlin: Metropol 2016.
- Mendel Szajnfeld: Tell us what happened to us! Memories of the Holocaust. Translated from Norwegian and with an afterword by Elisabeth Turvold. Volume 2. Studies and documents on Holocaust and camp literature. Ed. for the Holocaust Literature Unit and the Ernst-Ludwig-Chambré-Stiftung zu Lich by Sascha Feuchert, Klaus Konrad-Leder (dec.), Markus Roth and Kristine Tromsdorf. Metropol, Berlin 2016
- Józef Zelkowicz: In those nightmarish days. Diary entries from the Lodz / Litzmannstadt ghetto, September 1942. Ed. and commented by Angela Genger , Andrea Löw and Sascha Feuchert. Translated from Yiddish by Susan Hiep. Wallstein, Göttingen 2015.
- Michael Kraus: Diary 1942-1945. Notes from a fifteen year old from the Holocaust. Volume 1. Studies and documents on Holocaust and camp literature. Ed. for the Holocaust Literature Unit and the Ernst-Ludwig-Chambré-Stiftung zu Lich by Sascha Feuchert, Markus Roth, Klaus Konrad-Leder (dec.) and Kristine Tromsdorf. Metropol, Berlin 2015
- Markus Roth: 'You know, but you don't want to know'. Persecution, Terror and Resistance in the Third Reich . Munich 2015
- Finds 2. Uprooted in their own country: German Sinti and Roma after 1945 . Ed. by Susanne Urban, Silvio Peritore, Frank Reuter, Sascha Feuchert and Markus Roth. Wallstein, Göttingen 2015
- Markus Roth & Annalena Schmidt: Murder of Jews in Ostrów Mazowiecka. Deed and punishment . Beck, Berlin 2013
- Finds 1. Voices of the survivors of the 'Gypsy camp' Lockenbach . Ed. by Susanne Urban, Sascha Feuchert and Markus Roth. Wallstein, Göttingen 2014
- Konrad Heiden: One night in November 1938. A contemporary report. Ed. by Sascha Feuchert, Markus Roth, Christiane Weber. Wallstein, Göttingen 2013
- Andrea Löw & Markus Roth: The Warsaw Ghetto. Life and resistance in the face of annihilation . Beck, Munich 2013
- Andrea Löw and Markus Roth: Jews in Krakow under German occupation 1939-1945 . Wallstein, Göttingen 2011
- Friedrich Kellner : "All brains are clouded, darkened". Diaries 1939–1945 . Ed. Sascha Feuchert, Robert Martin Scott Kellner, Erwin Leibfried, Jörg Riecke and Markus Roth. Wallstein Verlag , Göttingen 2011
- Sascha Feuchert & Nikola Medenwald: Reading key: Anne Frank, diary . Reclams Universal Library 15412, Stuttgart 2009
The Chronicle of the Lodz Ghetto / Litzmannstadt (5 volumes)
Series of publications on the Lodz Ghetto Chronicle (published by the Holocaust Literature Unit (University of Gießen) and the Lodz State Archives).
Edited by Sascha Feuchert, Erwin Leibfried, Jörg Riecke. In cooperation with Julian Baranowski, Joanna Podolska, Krystyna Radziszewska, Jacek Walicki. With the collaboration of Imke Janssen-Mignon, Andrea Löw, Joanna Ratusinska, Elisabeth Turvold and Ewa Wiatr. Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen 2007
- Andrea Löw: Jews in the Litzmannstadt ghetto. Living conditions, self-perception, behavior . Series of publications on the Lodz Ghetto Chronicle (published by the Department for Holocaust Literature (University of Gießen) and the Lodz State Archives). Wallstein, Göttingen 2006
- Sascha Feuchert & Lars Hofmann: Reading key: Bernhard Schlink , The Reader . Reclam-Verlag , Stuttgart 2005
- Sascha Feuchert: Oskar Rosenfeld and Oskar Singer . Two authors of the Lodz Ghetto. Peter Lang , Frankfurt 2004
- Last days. The Lodz Ghetto Chronicle June / July 1944. Ed. Sascha Feuchert, Erwin Leibfried, Jörg Riecke as well as Julian Baranowski and Krytsyna Radziszewska. Wallstein Verlag, Göttingen 2004
- Sascha Feuchert: Ruth Klüger , " Live on. One youth ." Explanations and documents. Reclam-Verlag, Stuttgart 2004
- Oskar Singer : "In a hurry through the ghetto day". Reports and essays from the Lodz Ghetto 1942–1944. Ed. Sascha Feuchert, Erwin Leibfried, Jörg Riecke and Julian Baranowski, Krystyna Radziszewska and Krzysztof Wozniak. Philo, Berlin 2002
- Oskar Singer: Lords of the world. Time piece in three acts. New ed. And with a foreword by Sascha Feuchert. Office for Exile Literature, Hamburg 2001
- Sascha Feuchert (ed.): Holocaust literature: Auschwitz. Row: working texts for the classroom. Reclam-Verlag, Stuttgart 2000
- MEMENTO. Joint series of publications by the Ernst Ludwig Chambré Foundation in Lich and the Holocaust Literature Unit:
- Volume 1: Silke Berg: "When the past is increasingly covered in night ...". Pictures from the Lodz Ghetto 1940–1944 / Pictures from Places 1995 / Portraits of Jews in Lodz 1995. Bergauf, Frankfurt am Main 2000.
- Volume 2: Hilda Stern Cohen : "My tongue is nailed." Poetry and prose by a Holocaust survivor. Ed. by Erwin Leibfried, Sascha Feuchert and William Gilcher, in collaboration with Werner V. Cohen. Bergauf, Frankfurt am Main 2003.
- Volume 3: Gabriele Reber: "Don't let my pictures die ...". Amalie Seckbach. Fragments of a biography. Ed. by Erwin Leibfried, Sascha Feuchert and Klaus Konrad-Leder. Uphill, Frankfurt am Main 2006