Arenga ( Middle Latin (h) arenga , from old Italian aringa 'solemn address', derived from aringo 'public space', borrowed from Gothic * hriggs 'ring, ring-shaped assembly', circularly gathered crowd) is the name of a formula introducing the context of a medieval document that is not legally relevant. In the Byzantine area it was called Proömium .
The arenga expresses the general motives that led to the issuing of a certificate . It deals - often in a pathetic way - with the virtues of rulers , with the hope of a heavenly reward, with office, with justice or peace.
For historical studies , the arengen represent important sources on the medieval history of ideas, for example on the prevailing ideology , on the respective "state thinking", on government activity or on the "government program". In diplomacy , the arenga can be used to determine the dictation , insofar as it does not only reproduce fixed patterns .
- Heinrich Fichtenau : Arenga. Late antiquity and the Middle Ages as reflected in document formulas . Böhlau, Vienna et al. 1957, ( communications from the Institute for Austrian Historical 18, ).
- Friedrich Hausmann , Alfred Gawlik (Hrsg.): Arengenverzeichnis to the royal and imperial documents from the Merovingians to Heinrich VI. Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Munich 1987, ISBN 3-88612-020-1 , ( MGH auxiliary 9).