From 1983 until his retirement in 2009 he taught as professor for historical auxiliary sciences at the University of Bamberg . Enzensberger is one of the most recognized experts on the Norman era in Sicily . He is one of the few academic teachers who work in the field of historical auxiliary sciences in Germany.
After graduating from high school in Munich in 1963, Enzensberger studied historical auxiliary sciences, Latin philology of the Middle Ages and Byzantine studies at the University of Munich and La Sapienza University in Rome from 1963 to 1968 . Peter Herde had inspired him to deal with the Norman document system in his dissertation. A research stay of more than a year at the German Historical Institute in Rome with the help of grants from the German Academic Exchange Service and the Ministero degli Affari Esteri gave him access to the relevant archives and local Italian literature for work on his dissertation. In the winter semester 1968/69 he received his doctorate in Munich with Peter Acht and Peter Herde.
After lecturing at the University of Frankfurt am Main , Enzensberger taught as a substitute professor from 1982 and, from 1983, succeeded Waldemar Schlögl as professor for historical auxiliary sciences at the University of Bamberg. In 1983 he took on a visiting professorship at the University of Palermo and in 1984 another at the University of Chieti . Since 1985 he has also been a lecturer for historical auxiliary sciences at the University of Würzburg . Since the end of the winter semester 2009/10, Enzensberger has retired; Andrea Stieldorf was his successor in 2010 (until 2015), and Christof Rolker has been representing the basic historical sciences in Bamberg since 2017 . Alongside Thomas Frenz , Walter Koch , Theo Kölzer and Irmgard Fees, Enzensberger is one of the few medievalists who are closely related to auxiliary science .
Enzensberger was a reviewer for the Humboldt Foundation , advisory board of the Officina di Studi Medievali in Palermo (1982), advisory board for the exhibition Messina. Il ritorno della memoria (1992–1994) and is an advisory board member for the research project Documenting Multiculturalism at the University of Oxford . Enzensberger has been a corresponding member of the Istituto Siciliano di Studi Bizantini e Neoellenici in Palermo since 1998 .
As early as the 1980s, Enzensberger was one of the pioneers of electronic data processing in the historical auxiliary sciences. In the 1990s he was one of the first to set up a personal website. Among other things, as an employee of the Virtual Library Historical Auxiliary Sciences , Enzensberger, who was also the web representative of the Faculty of History and Geosciences at the University of Bamberg, advocates the use of the Internet. Enzensberger was one of the few professors to participate in the German-language Wikipedia at an early stage . Enzensberger is a volunteer there under the user name Enzian44 and has been an administrator since September 2009 . On his 65th birthday, the Wikipedia community honored him with a commemorative publication, which was also the first of its kind. The University of Bamberg published a commemorative publication for Horst Enzensberger on his 70th birthday.
Horst Enzensberger was married to an Italian for 37 years and has a son with her. He is widowed.
His main research interests are document theory , palaeography , Norman - Staufer Lower Italy and Sicily. Almost 70 years after the publication of the fundamental work by Karl Andreas Kehr (1902), Enzensberger devoted his dissertation again to the chancellery and documentary system of the Norman rulers of Lower Italy and Sicily. Much new material has appeared in a variety of dispersed publications since Kehr's work. A systematic evaluation for the chancellery and administrative history of the Norman rulers in southern Italy and Sicily failed to materialize. Enzensberger not only examined the previously incorrectly valued pieces in the original tradition, but also worked on the newly added documents. He discovered in the Vatican Archives and in the Vatican Library, especially in recent copies, some previously unknown documents that were printed in the appendix to the work. The work on the notaries provided a great deal of knowledge. Enzensberger was able to add to the number of court notaries opposite Kehr. His explanations also brought new insights into the tradition of Italian humanism, especially in the 16th century.
The dissertation formed the basis for his further scientific work, which identifies him as a specialist in particular for the high medieval documents of southern Italy. In 1996 he published the documents of Wilhelm I of Sicily for the publishing company of the Codex diplomaticus regni Siciliae . Enzensberger explains that most of the documents date from the first six and a half years of Wilhelm I's reign with a political crisis following the assassination of the Chancellor and closest collaborator of King Maio of Bari in November 1160. As part of his editing activities, further articles were made about the Norman kings Sicily. In a comparative study, he compared the two Norman kings of Sicily, Wilhelm I and Wilhelm II . Later generations, Wilhelm II was considered "the good" compared to his "bad" father Wilhelm I. In his analysis of church politics from the point of view of church elections, handling of church property, spiritual jurisdiction, church organization, protection of kings and royal legislation in favor of the church, he was able to Result no significant differences in the church policy of the "good" Wilhelm compared to that of his father. Using numerous examples, Enzensberger showed in a study published in 1981 that the royal chancellery was an important instrument of rule in view of the well-developed written form and bureaucracy in southern Italy. In October 2005, Enzensberger was one of the speakers in Palermo / Monreale at the “Hiking Congress” that began in 2003 to commemorate the 800th anniversary of Joachim von Fiore's death . He lectured on the royal documents for Joachim and his monasteries. From the archive of the Sicilian city of Messina , which was in the Archivo Ducal Medinaceli in Seville , Spain and has been in the Hospital de Tavera in Toledo since 1995 , Enzensberger published eight unedited papal letters to the wider public in a post published in 2016 and printed them in the appendix. Two letters from the pontificate of Honorius III are dealt with. , Clemens IV. As well as one each from Gregor X. , Innocent V. , Johannes XXI.
Enzensberger also researches Greek monasticism in southern Italy and Sicily. He dealt with the so far only surviving attempt by the Roman Curia to integrate a Greek monastery in Sicily into the Latin-Roman order structure. According to his analysis, the award certificate he edited by Innocenz III. to the Greek monastery of Santa Maria della Grotta in Palermo on November 13, 1198. With Vera von Falkenhausen , Enzensberger has reconstructed the meager tradition of the Byzantine women's monastery of S. Anna near the church of S. Teodoro in Messina and the men's monastery of S. Maria in Bordonaro. In the appendix to the study published in 2017, nine source texts from the period from April 1141/42 to June 1245 and thus the previously unedited monastery tradition were printed.
Together with Alfred Haverkamp , he published a review of all new publications on the history of Italy in the Middle Ages from 1959 to 1975 in a special issue of the historical journal . He wrote numerous articles for the Metzler Sprachlexikon , the Lexicon of the Middle Ages and for the Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani .
- Guillelmi I. regis diplomata (= Codex diplomaticus regni Siciliae, 1: Diplomata regum et principum e gente Normannorum. Volume 3). Böhlau, Cologne / Vienna 1996, ISBN 3-412-00689-0 .
Monographs and larger articles
- Contributions to the chancellery and documentary system of the Norman rulers of Lower Italy and Sicily (= Munich Historical Studies, Department of Historical Auxiliary Sciences. Volume 9). Lassleben, Kallmünz 1971, ISBN 3-7847-4409-5 .
- (together with Alfred Haverkamp ): Italy in the Middle Ages. New publications from 1959–1975 (= historical magazine, special issue Volume 7). Oldenbourg, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-486-61670-6 . (therein: Southern Italy , pp. 299–447.)
- The "bad" and the "good" Wilhelm: On the church policy of the Norman kings of Sicily after the Treaty of Benevento (1156). In: German Archive for Research into the Middle Ages Volume 36, 1980, pp. 385-432 ( online ).
- Building blocks for the source study of Abruzzo in the Middle Ages. In: Roberto Paciocco, Luigi Pelligrini (eds.): Contributi per una storia dell'Abruzzo adriatico nel medioevo (= Studi e fonti di storia Medioevale, Moderna e Contemporanea. Volume 1). Vecchio Faggio, Chieti 1992, ISBN 88-7113-097-9 , pp. 133-190.
- The Latin Church and the founding of dioceses in Sicily at the beginning of Norman rule. In: Rassegna storica online 2, 2000, pp. 1-40 ( online ).
- Chanceries, charters and administration in Norman Italy. In: Graham A. Loud, Alex Metcalfe (ed.): The Society of Norman Italy (= The Medieval Mediterranean. Volume 38). Brill, Leiden 2002, ISBN 90-04-12541-8 , pp. 117-150.
- Tecniche di governo in un paese multietnico. In: Mario Re, Cristina Rognoni (ed.): Giorgio di Antiochia: L'arte della politica in Sicilia nel XII secolo tra Bisanzio e l'Islam. Atti del convegno internazionale (Palermo, 19–20 April 2007) (= Byzantino-Sicula. Volume 5 = Istituto Siciliano di Studi bizantini e neoellenici “Bruno Lavagnini”, Quaderni. Volume 17). Palermo 2009, ISBN 978-88-90462-30-6 , pp. 3-46.
- From university professor to Wikipedia administrator. How I came to Wikipedia ... In: Thomas Wozniak , Jürgen Nemitz, Uwe Rohwedder (eds.): Wikipedia and historical science. De Gruyter, Berlin 2015, ISBN 978-3-11-037635-7 , pp. 175-184 ( online )
- Maria Stuiber, Michele Spadaccini (ed.): Building blocks for German and Italian history. Festschrift for the 70th birthday of Horst Enzensberger (= writings from the Faculty of Humanities and Cultural Studies of the Otto Friedrich University of Bamberg. Volume 18). University of Bamberg Press, Bamberg 2014, ISBN 978-3-86309-264-1 . ( Open Access version )
- University of Bamberg , Center for Medieval Studies: Prof. em. Dr. Horst Enzensberger (with curriculum vitae and list of publications)
- Literature by and about Horst Enzensberger in the catalog of the German National Library
- Publications by and about Horst Enzensberger in the Opac of the Regesta Imperii
- Horst Enzensberger on Academia.edu
- List of publications (download as PDF) via Academia.edu
- Website Historical Auxiliary Sciences by Horst Enzensberger
- Virtual Library auxiliary sciences
- Andreas Böhler: Auxiliary Sciences 2.0 . In: Ottfried . 64, January 28, 2009, p. 8, (PDF, 4.8 MB) ( Interview with Horst Enzensberger via Wikipedia ).
- Foreword in Horst Enzensberger: Contributions to the chancellery and document system of the Norman rulers of Lower Italy and Sicily. Kallmünz 1971.
- Hans-Werner Goetz : Modern Medieval Studies. Status and perspectives of medieval research. Darmstadt 1999, p. 157.
- Documenting Multiculturalism. Co-existence, law and multiculturalism in the administrative and legal documents of Norman and Hohenstaufen Sicily, c.1060 – c.1266
- Michele Spadaccini, Maria Stuiber: Foreword. In this. (Ed.): Building blocks for German and Italian history. Festschrift for the 70th birthday of Horst Enzensberger. Bamberg 2014, pp. 11–13, here: p. 12 ( Open Access version )
- Friedemann Bieber: How many credit points does a Wikipedia entry bring? In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , April 9, 2014, No. 84, p. N4. ( online ) Horst Enzensberger: From university professor to Wikipedia administrator. How I came to Wikipedia ... In: Thomas Wozniak, Uwe Rohwedder, Jürgen Nemitz (eds.): Wikipedia and history. Berlin u. a. 2015, pp. 175-184. ( Open access )
- Thomas Wozniak: Ten years of fear of contact: History and Wikipedia. An inventory. In: Zeitschrift für Geschichtswwissenschaft , 60th year (2012), pp. 247–264, here: p. 253.
- Michele Spadaccini, Maria Stuiber: Foreword. In this. (Ed.): Building blocks for German and Italian history. Festschrift for the 70th birthday of Horst Enzensberger. Bamberg 2014, pp. 11–13, here: p. 11 ( Open Access version ). Marcus Cyron (ed.): From the swan order to the Etruscan shrew. A commemorative publication for Horst Enzensberger. Mainz 2010.
- Michele Spadaccini, Maria Stuiber: Foreword. In this. (Ed.): Building blocks for German and Italian history. Festschrift for the 70th birthday of Horst Enzensberger. Bamberg 2014 ( Open Access version ).
- See on Enzensberger's dissertation the discussions of Waldemar Schlögl in: Historische Zeitschrift 220 (1975) pp. 186–187; Ulrich Schwarz in: Sources and research from Italian archives and libraries 52 (1972), pp. 938–940 ( online ); Peter Rück in: Swiss Journal for History 22 (1972), pp. 147–150; Heinrich Appelt in: Mitteilungen des Institut für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung 81 (1973), p. 506; Reinhold Schumann in: Speculum 48 (1972), pp. 743-746; Alfred Gawlik in: German Archive for Research into the Middle Ages 22 (1972), p. 257; Dione Clementi in: The English Historical Review 88 (1973), p. 619; Renzo Ristori in: Archivio Storico Italiano 1976, p. 197; Alessandro Pratesi in: Cahiers de Civilization Médiévale 16 (1973), pp. 248-251; Rainer Maria Herkenrath in: Archivalische Zeitschrift 71 (1975), p. 121.
- See the review by Alfred Gawlik in: Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters 55 (1999), pp. 634–635 ( online ).
- Horst Enzensberger: The "bad" and the "good" Wilhelm. On the ecclesiastical policy of the kings of Sicily after the Benevento Concordat (1156). In: German Archive for Research into the Middle Ages. 36: 385-432 ( online ) (1980 ); Horst Enzensberger: Chanceries, charters and administration in Norman Italy. In: Graham A. Loud, Alex Metcalfe (Eds.): The Society of Norman Italy. Leiden 2002, pp. 117-150.
- Horst Enzensberger: The "bad" and the "good" Wilhelm. On the ecclesiastical policy of the kings of Sicily after the Benevento Concordat (1156). In: German Archive for Research into the Middle Ages. 36: 385-432 (1980) ( online ). Cf. the review by Vera von Falkenhausen in: Sources and research from Italian archives and libraries 62 (1982), p. 485 ( online )
- Horst Enzensberger: Il documento regio come strumento del potere. In: Potere, società e popolo nell'età dei due Guglielmi. Atti delle quarte Giornate normanno-sveve (Bari - Gioia del Colle, 8-10 October 1979). Bari 1981, pp. 103-138 ( online ). See the discussion by Hubert Houben in: Sources and research from Italian archives and libraries 63 (1983), pp. 364–365 ( online )
- Horst Enzensberger: La documentazione regia per Gioacchino da Fiore e per i suoi monasteri. In: Cosimo Damiano Fonseca (ed.): Gioachimismo e profetismo in Sicilia (sec. XIII - XVI). Atti del terzo Convegno Internazionale di Studio, Palermo - Monreale 14 - 16 ottobre 2005. Rome 2007, pp. 51–64 ( online ) Cf. the review by Kurt-Victor Selge in: German Archive for Research into the Middle Ages 66 (2010) , Pp. 320-321 ( online ).
- Carlrichard Brühl : The archive of the city of Messina in Seville. In: German Archives for Research into the Middle Ages 34 (1978), pp. 560-566 ( online ).
- Fundación Casa Ducal Medinaceli
- Horst Enzensberger: Documenti pontifici inediti. In: Jean-Marie Martin, Rosanna Alaggio (ed.): “Quei maledetti Normanni”. Studi offerti a Errico Cuozzo per i suoi settant'anni da Colleghi, Allievi, Amici. Vol. 1, Napoli 2016, pp. 385-399. ( online ). See the review by Horst Zimmerhackl in: German Archives for Research into the Middle Ages 74 (2018), p. 750.
- See Horst Enzensberger: The Ordo Sancti Basilii, a monastic structure of the Roman Church (12th – 16th centuries). In: La Chiesa Greca in Italia dall'VIII al XVI secolo. Padova 1973, pp. 1139-1151.
- Horst Enzensberger: Modelli romanized in Sicilia? Santa Maria della Grotta in Palermo. In: Renata Lavagnini, Cristina Rognoni (ed.): Byzantino-sicula VI - La Sicilia e Bisanzio nei secoli XI e XII. Palermo 2014, pp. 201-214. See the review by Horst Zimmerhackl in: Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters 71 (2015), pp. 416–417 ( online ).
- Horst Enzensberger, Vera von Falkenhausen: Due monasteri greci in Sicilia: S. Anna a Messina e S. Maria di Bordona. In: Nea Rhome 14 (2017) pp. 333-377. See the review by Horst Zimmerhackl in: Deutsches Archiv für Erforschung des Mittelalters 75 (2019), pp. 835–836.
- Horst Enzensberger, Alfred Haverkamp: Italy in the Middle Ages. New publications from 1959–1975. Munich 1980. See the review by Reinhard Elze in: Sources and research from Italian archives and libraries 61 (1981), pp. 407-408 ( online ).
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German historian and diplomat|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 8, 1944|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||hair|