Carlrichard Brühl

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Grave in the old cemetery in Bonn

Carlrichard Brühl (born February 23, 1925 in Frankfurt am Main , † January 25, 1997 in Düsseldorf ) was a German historian of medieval history .

Carlrichard Brühl passed his matriculation examination in Berlin in 1943. Since 1946 Brühl studied history, historical auxiliary sciences and art history in Frankfurt am Main, where he was particularly influenced by Paul Kirn and Harald Keller . He received his doctorate from Kirn in Frankfurt in 1949 on the subject of Reims as the coronation city of the French king until the end of the 14th century . After completing a law degree in Bonn and Paris, he completed his habilitation with the work Fodrum, Gistum, Servitium regis in Cologne in 1961 with Theodor Schieffer . In this work, Brühl provides an overall picture of the medieval royal gazing as a necessary basis for travel control in the three large ruling associations of Germany, France and Italy. As the successor to Peter Classen, Brühl taught Medieval and Modern History at the Justus Liebig University in Gießen from 1966 to 1990 . Brühl received high recognition, especially abroad. He was Directeur d'études at the École pratique des hautes études and since 1975 a corresponding member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres in Paris and since 1980 of the Istituto Siciliano di Studi Bizantini . Brühl was a “Visiting research fellow” of Merton College in Oxford in 1978, and a “Visiting Member” of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (1981/1982). The École Pratique des Hautes-Études awarded him an honorary doctorate . Brühl's academic students included Theo Kölzer and Herbert Zielinski .

His main research focus was the Franconian Empire and the successor rulers France, Italy and Germany. Brühl wrote numerous studies on the economic foundations of medieval royal rule from a comparative European perspective, on the places of rulership, the travel routes of medieval rulers, the problem of urban continuity between antiquity and the Middle Ages, as well as on places of coronation and coronation customs. Brühl was also active as a document researcher. For a long time he headed the "Codex diplomaticus regni Siciliae", within which he himself published the Latin documents of King Rogers II . With his lecture “When does German history begin” on May 6, 1972 in front of the Frankfurt Scientific Society, he wrote the history of science in the discussion about the prerequisites for the forms and beginnings of European nations. In his most popular work Germany – France, The Birth of Two Peoples. (1990) he sees the emergence of Germany and France as a simultaneous process. According to Brühl, the state formation of the two Carolingian heirs ran parallel and must therefore be seen synchronously. It was not until around 1025 that “Germany and France would become tangible as mature, independent political figures.” The entire 10th century must therefore be viewed as the “late phase of Frankish history”. Brühl wrote a standard work on the history of philately.



  • The birth of two peoples. Germans and French (9th-11th centuries). With a foreword by Theo Kölzer . Böhlau, Cologne et al. 2001, ISBN 3-412-13300-0 .
  • Studies on the Merovingian royal documents. Edited by Theo Kölzer. Böhlau, Cologne et al. 1998, ISBN 3-412-01598-9 .
  • Germany - France. The birth of two peoples. Böhlau, Cologne et al. 1990, ISBN 3-412-18189-7 (2nd, improved edition, ibid 1995, ISBN 3-412-08295-3 ).
  • From the Middle Ages and diplomacy. Collected Essays. 3 volumes. Weidmann, Hildesheim et al. 1989–1997;
  • History of Philately. 2 volumes. Olms, Hildesheim et al. 1985–1986, ISBN 3-487-07619-5 (vol. 1), ISBN 3-487-07620-9 (vol. 2).
  • with Cinzio Violante : The “Honorantie civitatis Papie”. Transcription, edition, commentary. Böhlau, Cologne et al. 1983, ISBN 3-412-00483-9 .
  • Palatium and Civitas. Studies on the professional topography of late antique civitates from the 3rd to the 13th century. 2 volumes. Böhlau, Cologne et al. 1975–1990;
  • Studies on the Lombard royal documents (= library of the German Historical Institute in Rome. Vol. 33) Niemeyer, Tübingen 1970, ISBN 3-484-80052-6 .
  • Fodrum, gistum servitium regis. Studies on the economic foundations of royalty in the Franconian Empire and in the Franconian successor states of Germany, France and Italy from the 6th to the middle of the 14th century (= Cologne historical treatises. Vol. 14, ZDB -ID 501363-x ). 2 volumes (Volume 1: Text. Volume 2: Register and Maps. ). Böhlau, Cologne et al. 1968.


  • with Bernd Schneidmüller : Contributions to the medieval formation of empires and nations in Germany and France (= historical journal . Supplements NF Vol. 24). Oldenbourg, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-486-64422-X .
  • Rogerii II. Regis diplomata Latina (= Codex Diplomaticus Regni Siciliae. Series 1: Diplomata regum et principum e gente Normannorum. Tomus 2, 1). Böhlau, Cologne et al. 1987, ISBN 3-412-02584-4 .


  • Theo Kölzer: From common Franconian roots. Black Homburg and umbrella as unmistakable "symbols of power": On the death of medievalist Carlrichard Brühl. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , January 31, 1997, No. 26, p. 40.
  • Wolfgang Maaßen: I'm just a trained historian - in memory of Carlrichard Brühl. In: Philately and Postal History. No. 170, March 1997, ZDB -ID 501045-7 , pp. 25-26.
  • Pierre Toubert: Carlrichard Brühl (1925–1997). In: Francia . Vol. 25, No. 1, 1998, pp. 274-275 ( digitized version ).
  • Jürgen Petersohn : Obituary for Carlrichard Brühl. In: Meeting reports of the Scientific Society at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main. Vol. 36, No. 6, ISSN  0512-1523 , 1999, pp. 65-70.
  • Wolfgang Maaßen: Who is who in philately. Volume 1: A - D. 3rd edition. Phil Creativ - Publishing House and Agency, Schwalmtal 2011, ISBN 978-3-932198-92-2 , pp. 192–194.

Web links


  1. ^ Carlrichard Brühl: The beginnings of German history. In: Meeting reports of the Scientific Society of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main. Vol. 10, 1972, pp. 147-181, here: p. 176 and p. 180, respectively.
  2. ^ Carlrichard Brühl: The beginnings of German history. In: Meeting reports of the Scientific Society of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main. Vol. 10, 1972, pp. 147-181, here: p. 173.
  3. Wolfgang Maaßen: Who is who in philately. Volume 1: A - D. 3rd edition. 2011, pp. 192–194, here: p. 193.