A compensation coast shows itself in a flat and straight coastline . It arises under the influence of wind and water from the original bays , islands , peninsulas and protrusions. Sand and gravel were removed ( abrasion ) and deposited in another place. Beach shift , depending on the direction and strength of the ocean current . Typical for compensation coasts is the formation of dunes , wide sandy beaches and possibly a lagoon or a spit . Where two compensatory coasts meet, a headland ( Odde ) and a sand reef protruding into the sea can form. The removed sediments can accumulate as sandbanks parallel to the compensation coast.
Examples in Europe
- Long stretches of the southern Baltic coast in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , Poland , Kaliningrad / Russia, Lithuania , and Latvia .
- The North Sea coast of Belgium , over the outside of the Wadden Sea Islands in the Netherlands and Germany , to the west coast and northeast coast of Jutland in Denmark .
- On the northern tip of Jutland near Skagen , the two compensatory coasts form the constantly changing headland of Grenen .
- On the island of Anholt in the Kattegat , two compensation coasts meet in the eastern Totten headland. The headland extends out into the sea below sea level.
- The Hela headland in Poland consists of sediments removed eastward from the Pomeranian coast and deposited in front of the Gdańsk Bay .