|Location of Bais City in the Negros Oriental Province|
|Region :||Central Visayas|
|Province :||Negros Oriental|
|District:||2. District of Negros Oriental|
|Income class :||3rd income bracket|
May 1, 2000 census
August 1, 2015 census
|Population density :||240.7 inhabitants per km²|
|Area :||316.90 km²|
|Coordinates :||9 ° 35 ' N , 123 ° 7' E|
|Mayor :||Hector C. Villanueva|
|Geographical location in the Philippines|
Bais City is a Philippine city ( Component City ) in the province of Negros Oriental . Bais City is 48 km from the provincial capital Dumaguete City .
In the area of Bais City there are two sea bays, from which the name Bais is derived from such an explanation. The more southern bay is called Bais Bay , in it lies the island of Talabong. The coast is mostly covered by mangroves , the existence of which is endangered by the increasing population.
Coral reefs are off the coast .
The Pelarta River flows on the edge of the city center . There is some controversy as to whether the name Bais is derived from the eels in this river, in the language of the local bais .
The river's water is used to irrigate the nearby sugar cane farms. This irrigation is essential to the success of sugar cane cultivation in this area.
The river also has a major impact on urban geography, as sediments were deposited in the mangroves during what used to be the annual flood season. The former mangrove swamps fell dry and can now be populated. In the late 1970s, a flood control system was established under the government of Genaro Goni . This flood control system includes the city center and the low-lying surrounding areas and reduces the number and severity of floods during the rainy season.
The dominant belief in Bais is Catholicism .
Every year on September 10th, a festival ( fiesta ) takes place in honor of the local saint Nicholas of Tolentino . This festival goes back to the time of the Spanish colonial rule. On this occasion, the residents of Bais prepare meals for all visitors. This is a tradition that can be found in many other places in the Philippines as well. Similarly, madrigals and parades organized.
Bais City is the largest sugar producer in the Negros Oriental province. There are two sugar mills in town; The Central Azucarera de Bais was founded in the early 20th century by the Spanish company Tabacalera and is one of the oldest sugar mills in the country. The other sugar mill is that of United Robina Sugar Milling Corporation (URSUMCO) (formerly United Planters Milling Corporation (UPSUMCO) ) and was built in the 1970s by the Marubeni Corporation from Japan as a project by Ignacio Montenegro , which also has Spanish roots.
Bais City is politically divided into 35 barangays .
- www.bais.gov.ph ( Memento from April 3, 2005 in the Internet Archive )