|Height :||312 m|
|Area :||15 km²|
|Residents :||29,531 (2011)|
|Population density :||1969 Ew./km²|
|Postal code :||301701|
Behror ( Hindi बहरोड़ ) is an Indian city in the Alwar district in the northeast of the state of Rajasthan and is 120 km southwest of the capital New Delhi . As part of the National Capital Region, it also falls under the National Capital Region Planning Board, a federal agency for urban planning purposes in NCR. It is grouped under the Shahjahanpur-Neemrana-Behror (SNB) complex in NCR, which includes 137 high-revenue villages. The municipality of Behror is the largest urban conglomerate in this cluster. This region is also known as the "Ahirwal region" and serves as the industrial center for the state of Rajasthan. The Behror Municipality area is divided into four sales villages: Behror Tarf Gangabishan, Behror Tarf Doongrasi, Behror Tarf Nainsukh, and Behror Tarf Balram. The municipality of Behror extends over an area of 15 km².
Rors founded the city of Behror by living here in the 2nd century BC. Built a large fortress.
Before Behror's independence, it was a Tahsil and an important city in the Principality of Alwar. During the reign of Rao Pratap Singh, the prince of Alwar Behror and the nearby area of Bansur, Alwar was formed into a large princely state together with other rulership areas (Thanagazi, Rajgarh , Malakhera, Ajabgarh, Baldeogarh, Kankwari, Alwar, Ramgarh and Laxmangarh).
The liberation fighter Pran Sukh Yadav, who fought against the British together with Rao Tula Ram in 1857, came from Behror Tehsil. Behror was an important center of the Ahirwal region at that time and falls within the larger Matsya region .
Located between Jaipur and Delhi , 130 km from the state capital and 120 km from the federal capital, Behror is connected to both by the NH-8, which is part of the NHAI's Golden Square. Recently, the NH-8 had undergone significant development and now it has a six-lane road from Jaipur to Delhi for a better connection between the two metropolitan areas. Behror also has a direct connection to the district capital of Alwar, which is 60 km apart.
According to the CGWA, it has been designated as an Area to Regulate Groundwater Withdrawal (Dark Zone) as surface water resources are limited and groundwater is mainly used as the main water source.
The Sahibi River, a short-lived river, flows 5 km south of Behror from southwest to northeast. Usually it's dry these days.
Around four fifths of the average rainfall occurs in the months of July, August and September.
The soil is very fertile and agriculture is one of the main occupations in the region. Mattiyar , a kind of clay soil, is most common in Behror, while Chiknot soil, which is common in the Alwar district, is characteristically absent in Behror and Tijara Tehsils.
The city falls under Seismic Activity Zones 4, with part of Tahsil under Zone 3 and another under Zone 4.
Earthquake hazard map of the national capital sub-region Rajasthan
The forests are mainly deciduous hilly and are located along the Aravalli Hills. The dominant trees are Kikar, Neem and Dhak. The main mineral found is quartz.
Due to rapid urbanization and increasing pollution, the city's environment has changed rapidly.
The semi-urban area of Behror includes the municipality of Behror and the surrounding rural areas. The constituency of Behror is the political constituency, including the town of Behror and the surrounding villages. Behror Tehsil is an administrative unit that includes the city of Behror and the surrounding Gram Panchayats / villages.
The municipality of Behror - the actual city of Behror - is divided into 25 districts, for which elections are held every five years.
The constituency of Behror is classified as a rural seat in the classification of constituencies. The seat has a total of 211,534 voters, including 110,515 male and 101,019 female voters. In the 2018 elections in Rajasthan, Behror recorded a voter turnout of 74.69%. In 2013 the turnout was 76% and in 2008 it was 69%.
Behror Tehsil consists of 62 grams of panchayats and 64 patwar circles with ILR code - 5.
Behror has been industrialized since the early 1990s; The industrial area is known as the RIICO industrial area (Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation Limited).
Neemrana is another industrial area in this region at a distance of 10 km from Behror towards Delhi, which is also under RIICO.
The municipality of Behror is well connected to the large urban agglomerations in the region. The main road link is the NH-8 (NH-48), which runs through the city and connects it with Delhi in the northeast and Jaipur in the southwest.
Sights & monuments
The Neemrana Fort Complex, 10 km away, is the main landmark. The famous Neemrana Fort was built in the 16th century and was occupied by Chouhan Rajputs until 1947.
According to the 2011 Indian census, the community of Behror had 29,531 residents, of whom 15,570 were men and 13,961 women. Children between 0 and 6 years of age were 3770 years old, which is 12.77% of the total population. The female gender ratio was 897. The total number of Behror literati was 21,656, which was 73.33% of the total population with a male literacy of 80.04% and a female literacy of 65.85%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ residents in Behror was 84.1%, of which the male literacy rate was 92.4% and the female 75.1%. The planned castes and the planned tribes have a population of 4466 and 940 respectively. The municipality of Behror has a total administration of over 5484 houses.
Hindi as the official language of the state of Rajasthan is the official language of the city. But in this border area the colloquial language most often includes influences of administrative Hindi, Haryanvi, Mewati.
- Wayback Machine. (PDF) July 17, 2011, accessed July 4, 2020 .
- Government of Rajasthan: Alwar Master Plan. (PDF) In: UDH, Rajasthan Government. Retrieved July 4, 2020 (Hindi).
- History. Retrieved July 4, 2020 .
- The imperil Gazetteer of India. Retrieved July 4, 2020 .
- Government of India: Census 2011. Retrieved July 4, 2020 .