Bernhard I. (Jauer-Löwenberg)

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Bernhard I. von Jauer und Löwenberg (also Bernhard von Löwenberg , Polish Bernard Zwinny , Czech Bernard Lemberský Hbitý (Agilis) ; * between 1253 and 1257; † May 25, 1286 ) was 1278–1281 Duke of Jauer and 1281–1286 Duke of Löwenberg .


Seal of Duke Bernhard

Bernhard came from the Silesian family of the Piasts . His parents were Duke Boleslaw II of Silesia , from 1248 of Liegnitz , and Hedwig († 1259), daughter of Count Heinrich von Anhalt .

After the father's death in 1278, his possessions were divided. Bernhard was the youngest of three brothers and, together with the second-born Bolko, initially received the Duchy of Jauer , which had been spun off for the eldest brother Heinrich V during the father's lifetime in 1274/77 and who now received the Duchy of Liegnitz . In 1281 Bolko spun off the Löwenberg area for Bernhard . There was already a castle there that served as a ducal residence.

Bernhard supported the Johanniter and, like his brother Bolko, promoted colonization from the mountain edge into the mountains. In 1281 he donated a place with 250 Hufen forest, meadows and farmland to the Johannitern in Warmbrunn and waived the corresponding taxes for twenty years. In the same year he issued a certificate in Hirschberg , with which he awarded the Johannitern von Striegau on ducal soil a clearing area on the upper reaches of the Zackens , which was to be populated by Germans.

Duke Bernhard died unmarried and without descendants in 1286. His body was buried in the Dominican church in Liegnitz . The Duchy of Löwenberg inherited his brother Bolko, who reunited it with the Duchy of Jauer . Nevertheless, he carried the title Duke of Löwenberg .


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