Brigida of Kildare

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Statue of Brigida von Kildare in Groß St. Martin , Cologne
Brigida, portrait on a brotherhood staff from around 1850.
Brigitte window from 1929 in the parish church of St. Cyriakus Krefeld-Hüls .

Brigida of Kildare (* around 451 in Faughart in Dundalk , Ireland ; † February 1 523 in Kildare , Ireland), and Bridget of Kildare , or Brigit of Ireland , Old Irish Brigit , neuirisch Brighid or in new spelling Bríd , is an Irish saint .


She was born in Faughart ( Irish Fochaird ) at Dundalk, the daughter of King Dubhthach of Leinster and Brocca, a Christian Piktin that the Holy Patrick was baptized. It takes its name from the Celtic goddess Brigid . She is said to have angered her pagan father with her generosity and helpfulness towards the poor and sick and then went to a monastery. Later, however, Dubhtach also converted to Christianity. Brigida herself founded a double monastery in Kildare ( Cill Dara ) in 470 , where the Book of Kildare was written. She died in Kildare on February 1st (memorial day) of 523 and was buried in Downpatrick . Many Irish schools are named after her.

The earliest accounts of Brigida are legendary, but most historians consider her a historical figure. Some doubt its historical existence and see in her a transformation of the Celtic goddess Brigid into a Christian saint.

In contrast, the historian Lisa M. Bitel assumes that the goddess Brigid was invented to denounce St. Brigit as pagan / nonexistent and to make Patrick of Ireland a strong competitor off the neck.

The order of the Brigitten (Sisters of St. Brigid) was named after her.

The modern first name Brigitte is derived either from Brigida von Kildare or from Birgitta von Schweden , which in turn was named after Brigida von Kildare.


Remembrance day is February 1st (Catholic, Anglican, Orthodox). Further commemorative days are January 25th (transfer of the head to the Jesuit church São Roque in Lisbon) and June 9th (finding of the bones).


According to her is St. Brigid Iceland named in Antarctica.


Web links

Commons : Brigida von Kildare  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Lisa M. Bitel: St. Brigit of Ireland: From Virgin Saint to Fertility Goddess. September 26, 2006, archived from the original on March 3, 2012 ; accessed on January 12, 2018 .
  2. Brigida of Kildare. In: Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon ,