Radyně Castle

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Radyně Castle

The Radyně Castle (also known as Karlskrone for short ) rises on the Radyně Mountain (586 m) between Pilsen and Starý Plzenec , Czech Republic . It is clearly visible even from a great distance.

The castle was founded together with the Kašperk castle in the Bohemian Forest around 1356 by Charles IV and was intended to serve as the seat of royal administrators of the region. Both castles were completed in 1361. Kašperk was built by the builder Vít Hedvábný and due to the structural similarity, his involvement in Radyně can also be assumed. The castle was named after Karl Karlskrone, but a few years after his death the name of the mountain - Radyně prevailed again. The castle was supposed to replace the older, early medieval Pilsen administrative center ( Starý Plzenec ). With the rise of the newly founded city (New) Pilsen , however, the castle gradually lost its importance.

During the siege of Pilsen by the Hussites , the besieged town was supplied with food from the castle in cooperation with the defector and former captain of the Taborites Přibík von Klenová in the spring of 1434 (allegedly in a total of 120 wagons!). In the middle of the 16th century Radyně is mentioned as desolate.

The plant of the castle consists of an elongated Palas each of whose ends bears a tower. This basic concept is identical in the probably somewhat older Kašperk Castle . At the western end there is a small courtyard with farm buildings and a cistern .

The castle is open to visitors, the western preserved tower offers an excellent view. The castle ruins are a typical dominant feature of the Pilsen area.



  • Petr Rožmberský, Milan Novobilský: Královský hrad Radyně (= Zapomenuté hrady, tvrze a místa. Vol. 17). Mikota, Plzeň 1998, ISBN 80-86596-96-6 .
  • Zdeněk Fiala ( editor ): Hrady, zámky a tvrze v Čechách, na Moravě a ve Slezsku. Volume 4: Miloslav Bělohlávek : Západní Čechy. Svoboda, Praha 1985, pp. 289-292.
  • Dobroslava Menclová : České hrady. Volume 2. Odeon, Praha 1972, pp. 68-72.

Web links

Commons : Radyně castle  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 49 ° 40 ′ 51.8 "  N , 13 ° 27 ′ 52.4"  E