Carl Adolph Agardh

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Carl Adolph Agardh
Tomb of Agardh.

Carl Adolph Agardh (born January 23, 1785 in Båstad , † January 28, 1859 in Karlstad ) was a Swedish botanist . Its official botanical author abbreviation is " C.Agardh ".


Carl Adolph Agardh was born in 1785 as the son of the merchant Georg Mikaelsson Agardh (1746-1809) and his wife Agneta Kristina (née Ollman).

Agardh studied from 1799 natural sciences and mathematics at the University of Lund , where he received his doctorate in philosophy in 1805. He stayed at the university, became a lecturer in mathematics, botany and economics from 1807 and finally professor of botany and economics in 1812. In 1819/20 he was rector of the university. In the following years he devoted himself to botanical research and, encouraged by his colleague Olof Peter Swartz , concentrated in particular on cryptogamics .

In 1816 he was ordained and became a pastor in St. Peter's Monastery in Lund without giving up his professorship. In 1819 he was elected a member of the Leopoldina . In 1834 he was appointed bishop in Karlstad .

With his writings Agardh gave essential impulses for the systematics of the algae in his time.

Agardh also wrote treatises on questions of political economy , was a member of his pen in the Reichstag and a member of the education committee appointed in 1827 and 1828. In this role he had a major influence on the reform of the Swedish school system that was being carried out at the time.

He was married to Margareta Charlotta (nee Lindschough, June 16, 1796 - November 11, 1868) since October 2, 1812. She was a daughter of Jakob Lindschough. Agardh's most famous descendants include his son Jacob Georg Agardh (1813–1901), also a botanist, and his grandson Gustaf Fröding , one of the most important Swedish poets of the 1890s.


The algae genera Agardhia Gray and Agardhina Nardo have been named in honor of Carl Adolph Agardh .

Fonts (selection)

  • Synopsis algarum Scandinaviae. Lund 1817.
  • Species algarum rite cognitae etc. das. U. Greifswald 1823–1828, 2 volumes.
  • Icones algarum europaearum. Leipzig 1828–1835.
  • Systema algarum. Lund 1824.
  • Essai de réduire la physlologie végétale à des principes fondamentaux. Lund 1828.
  • Essai sur le développement intérieur des plantes. that. 1829.
  • Lärobok i botany. Malmö 1830–1832, 2 volumes; German, 1st part: Organography of plants. by L. v. Meyer, Copenhagen 1831; Part 2: General Biology of Plants. from Creplin , Greifswald 1832.
  • Försök till en statsökonomisk statistik öfver Sverige. with Ljungberg, Stockholm 1852–1863, 4 vols.


  • Agardh, Carl Adolf . In: Herman Hofberg, Frithiof Heurlin, Viktor Millqvist, Olof Rubenson (eds.): Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon . 2nd Edition. tape 1 : A-K . Albert Bonniers Verlag, Stockholm 1906, p. 13 (Swedish, ).
  • C. Hansen Ostenfeld: Agardh [ a.gard], Carl Adolf . In: Christian Blangstrup (Ed.): Salmonsens Konversationsleksikon . 2nd Edition. tape 1 : A – Arbejdergilder . JH Schultz Forlag, Copenhagen 1915, p. 295-296 (Danish, ).
  • AB Carlsson, G. Eneström, K. Nordlund, Edv. Rodhe, N. Svedelins: Carl Adolph Agardh. In: Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Volume 1: Abelin – Anjou. Bonnier, Stockholm 1918, p. 250 ff. (Detailed biography, Swedish, ).
  • Lars M. Andersson: Agardh, Carl Adolph. In: Handbook of Antisemitism . Volume 2/1, 2009, p. 3 ff.

Web links

Commons : Carl Adolph Agardh  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files
 Wikispecies: Carl Adolph Agardh  - Species Directory

Individual evidence

  1. Agardh, Carl Adolph. Swedish Academy, accessed June 14, 2019 .
  2. ^ Member entry by Karl Adolph Agardh at the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina , accessed on April 6, 2018.
  3. Lotte Burkhardt: Directory of eponymous plant names. Extended Edition. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Free University Berlin Berlin 2018.