Charles Janeway

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Charles Alderson Janeway, Jr. (born February 5, 1943 in Boston , Massachusetts , † April 12, 2003 in New Haven , Connecticut ) was one of the most outstanding immunologists of his time. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) and professor at the Yale University School of Medicine New Haven, Connecticut, USA .

His research took him to the National Institute for Medical Research in London (1965–1967), the University of Cambridge , England (1969) and the University of Uppsala in Sweden (1975–1977).

Charles Janeway was one of the first to focus on the innate immune system . He was able to show that the innate system not only serves to quickly ward off pathogens immediately after birth, but also acts as a kind of teacher for building a functional immune system. The innate system enables the distinction between the body's own and foreign organisms through pattern recognition and thus enables the acquired system to target its defense against foreign intruders.

In addition to many other honors and prizes, he was awarded the Avery Landsteiner Prize of the German Society for Immunology and the William B. Coley Award . In 1997/1998 he served as President of the American Association of Immunologists .

In addition to his research, Charles Janeway was very involved in teaching. He has made a name for himself internationally as the author of a standard textbook on immunology ("Immunobiology - the Immune System in Health and Disease"; German edition published by the Spektrum Akademischer Verlag).