Christian Pfann was a son of the clerk from Karlsruhe, Samuel Pfann. He came to Stuttgart in 1851, where he quickly became a popular portraitist in society. By the fact itself that the Crown Prince and later King Charles I . Having had him lithographed with his wife, Princess Olga , he also won other personalities from the nobility and the upper bourgeoisie as customers. In order to secure a better social position, Pfann tried since the beginning of 1854 to be accepted into the Stuttgart artists' association “ Bergwerk ”, which focused more on socializing. After overcoming some difficulties, he was accepted on September 29, 1854 under the name "Storchschnabel". He remained a member of the “mine” for most of his life: until March 1, 1885. Pfann was Stuttgart's most popular and busiest lithographer in the 1850s. He portrayed in all circles of the population. Queen Olga valued Pfann so much that she owned a personal collection of around 200 of his portrait lithographs. Nevertheless, he did not want to close himself off to the new technology, photography. Pfann was a member of the Stuttgart Freemason Lodge Wilhelm zur rising sun .
In 1858 Pfann teamed up with the painter Theodor Widmayer and opened a joint photo studio called “Pfann & Widmayer”. At the "Exhibition for Commercial Products" in Cannstatt (September 26 to October 3, 1858), which presented images by Stuttgart photographers for the first time, the two of them were exhibiting their photographs. However, the collaboration lasted just under a year; In an advertisement dated January 5, 1859, the two announced an amicable separation and at the same time advertised their new studios. Pfann's studio has been at Rotebühlstrasse 45 since the separation .
In the years that followed, Pfann's studio was one of the best addresses in the area, and his work became known beyond Stuttgart. In 1873 he was awarded the title of “court photographer”. In addition to individual portraits and group shots, Pfann's photographic work also includes architectural studies, where his interest was primarily historical buildings. Pfann, for example, was also the author of most (30 of 50) large-format group photos that were made on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Katharinenstift on behalf of its pupils as a gift for Queen Olga.
After Pfann's death, Paul Hoser probably bought the furnishings in his studio from the widow. In 1888 he opened a photo studio at Königstrasse 21, which bore Pfann's name, which is proof of Pfann's reputation. From 1889 to 1892 the atelier was known as the “Photographic Atelier Paul Hoser, Pfann's Descendants”. Pfann's widow moved to Zurich in 1887 .
Pfann's early work attempted to match lithography with pencil drawing. “The portraits, mostly half-length figures, are only sketchily indicated in the lower parts in brisk and generous lines, the facial features are carried out with the greatest care. Pfann seems to have taken Kaspar Kaufmann or Ludwig Wagner , who settled in his home town of Karlsruhe, as an example. His artistic achievement is very different: In addition to the large-scale portraits, which still have something in common with the classic drawing style, there are photographically petty ones that are not even flawless in the drawing. ”Over time, his lithography shifts from the“ actual drawing technique ” in the direction of “unspiritual materialistic photo fidelity and thoughtlessness”, but not as conspicuous as with other lithographers who became photographers.
Well-known works (selection)
- Crown Prince Karl with his wife Olga
- 1850 Gustav Schwab
- 1850s Karl Georg von Wächter [Chancellor] (280 × 205 mm)
- 1852 Baron Albert von Hügel
- 1853 Minister of State Joseph von Linden
- 1854 Friedrich Ludwig Freiherr von Schiller (248 × 199 mm, completely 377 × 302 mm; Association for Family Studies and Heraldry)
- 1861 Karl Friedrich von Gemmingen-Guttenberg (1779–1871)
- around 1860 unknown lady ( salt paper print painted over in places, 137 × 86 mm, with frame 192 × 141 mm)
- July 17, 1862 Pauline and Gottlieb Reyer [butcher and wine wine owner couple] ( albumen paper print under passepartout, painted over, 149 × 114 mm, with passepartout 244 × 203 mm)
- around 1865 Pauline and Gottlieb Reyer with two girls (album paper print under a passepartout, painted over, 200 × 161 mm, with a passepartout 323 × 268 mm)
- 1868 students of the Katharinenstift (album paper print on cardboard, 183 × 269 mm, with cardboard 415 × 478 mm; Württembergische Landesbibliothek ; one of a total of 30 photographs)
- around 1870 cloister in the Bebenhausen monastery (album paper print on cardboard, 255 × 201 mm, with cardboard 650 × 448 mm; Württemberg State Library )
- after 1873 child portrait (overpainted album paper print under passepartout, 241 × 193 mm, with passepartout 291 × 256 mm)
- 1878 group photo of the Stuttgart Architects' Association (197 × 272 mm, on sheet 440 × 290 mm); Stuttgart University Library ( digitized version )
- 1882 Mining Ball ( cabinet format ; Württemberg State Library)
- Joachim W. Siener: Die Photography and Stuttgart ... , p. 118
- Joachim W. Siener: Die Photography and Stuttgart… , S. 118/121
- Werner Fleischhauer: Das Bildnis ... , p. 246
- Werner Fleischhauer: Das Bildnis ... , p. 247
- Johann Conrad Lamparter: History of lithography in Württemberg , 1898
- Joachim W. Siener: Die Photographie and Stuttgart ... , p. 118 quotes the advertisement from the "Swabian Chronicle" of January 5, 1859
- Joachim W. Siener: Die Photography and Stuttgart ... , p. 121
- The photos were presented to the Queen in a cassette on August 17, 1868. The author of the remaining photos was Friedrich Brandseph . (Joachim W. Siener: The Photography and Stuttgart ... , p. 121)
- Joachim W. Siener: The photography and Stuttgart 1839-1900. From the masked sleigh ride to the court photographer , Cantz edition: Stuttgart 1989, ISBN 3-89322-150-6
- Werner Fleischhauer : The portrait in Württemberg 1760-1860. History, artists and culture , Metzler: Stuttgart 1939
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Pfann, Christian Sigmund|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German lithographer and photographer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 17, 1824|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Karlsruhe|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 30, 1885|
|Place of death||Stuttgart|