Christoph Rudolf von Stadion

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Coat of arms of the stadium
Epitaph of his brother Georg Heinrich († 1716), Würzburg Cathedral

Christoph Rudolf von Stadion (* December 1638 ; † January 17, 1700 in Mainz ), with the nobility title of Imperial Baron, was President of the Court Council in the Electorate of Mainz , Provost and multiple candidate for the Office of Elector in Mainz.

Career and life

Christoph Rudolf Freiherr von Stadion came from the old noble family von Stadion , was a son of Johann Christoph (the younger) von Stadion, heir to the Augsburg monastery, prince-bishop bailiff zu Trimberg (1610–1666) and his wife Maria Agnes von Ostein, from theirs Marriage had thirteen children. Brothers were Georg Heinrich von Stadion (1640–1716), dean of the cathedral in Würzburg with a large epitaph in Kiliansdom ; Franz Kaspar von Stadion (1637–1704), Prince-Bishop of Lavant , and Johann Philipp von Stadion (1652–1741), Oberhofmeister of Kurmainz .

Christoph Rudolf Freiherr von Stadion became domiciliary at the Mainz cathedral monastery due to an archiepiscopal commission . After studying and receiving minor orders, he was appointed cathedral chapter in 1664 . Through his office as provost in Mainz, he received various benefices in Mainz and Kurmainz. In 1669, after being ordained a priest as a precondition, Stadion was appointed vicar general by Elector Johann Philipp von Schönborn , who protégé him. In the elections of 1675 and 1679 he was considered a promising candidate for the office of elector, a sign of his position in the Electorate of Mainz. Although Stadion was not taken into account in both vacancies, he was then sent to the imperial court as an envoy of the newly elected Elector from Mainz to Vienna to officially obtain the Kurmainzer Reichslehen .

Under Elector Anselm Franz von Ingelheim , he was promoted to President of the Court Council. In 1685 he was elected dean of the cathedral in the Mainz cathedral chapter and in this position in 1688/1689 he acted as deputy to the refugee Anselm Franz von Ingelheim, in the city ​​occupied by the French during the war of the Palatine Succession . In 1686 he and his brothers were raised to the rank of imperial baron . In 1695 he was appointed provost of the cathedral . Christoph Rudolf von Stadion died on January 17, 1700 in Mainz and was buried in the Mainz Cathedral .

Stadium garden

In 1672 Christoph Rudolf von Stadion acquired the monastery garden of the St. Alban monastery in front of Mainz . In 1692 he was able to acquire the adjacent abbey garden. He wanted to build a baroque pleasure garden in keeping with the fashion that was emerging at the time . In the period that followed, the older gardens, which had now been merged, were transformed into a five-hectare utility and pleasure garden in the high baroque style with a single-storey Rheinschlösschen, farm buildings, vineyards, and fruit and ornamental trees, the so-called Stadionsche garden . After the stadium's death in 1700, the Elector of Mainz, Lothar Franz von Schönborn , elected only six years earlier , acquired the property from the heirs for 16,500 Reichstaler . The gardens were to become the centerpiece of the Favorite pleasure palace he planned .


The most famous Hochheimer vineyard, Hochheimer Domdechaney , goes back to Christoph Rudolf von Stadion. At that time, the 5.4 hectare site was owned by the Mainz cathedral chapter as a still unplanted area. In 1686, the then dean Christoph Rudolf von Stadion planted vineyards on a “barren and muddy place” behind the canon court located there. Today the site is owned by the Hessian State Wine Estate Kloster Eberbach .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Website on the brother and his epitaph