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Coordinates: 31 ° 2 ′  N , 30 ° 28 ′  E

Map: Egypt
Damanhur, Ahmed Orabi Street
Damanhur, on the Mahmudiyya Canal

Damanhur ( Egyptian Dmỉ-n-Ḥr.w "Village of Horus"; Coptic Ⲧⲙⲉⲛ ϩ ⲱⲣ; Arabic دمنهور, DMG Damanhūr ) or Hermopolis Mikra ( ancient Greek Ἑρμοῦ πόλις μικρά ) is a city in Lower Egypt , and the capital of the al-Buhaira governorate . It is located 160 km northwest of Cairo and 70 km east-southeast of Alexandria , in the middle of the western Nile Delta .


In ancient Egypt , the city was temporarily - in addition Metelis  - capital of the seventh Gaus ( Wa-em-Huu-ges-Imenti or A-ment, Greek Menelaites or Metelites, also called "Western Harpunengau") of Lower Egypt . It lay on the slope of a canal that connected Lake Mareotis with Canopus, or the westernmost arm of the Nile. The city was dedicated to the ancient Egyptian god Horus . In Greek and Roman times it was called Hermopolis Mikra or Hermopolis Parva, based on the Roman god Hermes , who corresponds to the Egyptian god Thoth . As Hermopolis, the city attracted the attention of numerous ancient geographers , including Stephen of Byzantium , Strabo , Ptolemy, and the author of the Itinerarium Antonini . Hermopolis is a titular bishopric of the Roman Catholic Church .

In 2008 the population was 247,074 (1986: 188,939).

Economy and Infrastructure

In the agricultural province of al-Buhaira a predominantly agricultural industry was able to establish itself, e.g. B. the production of egrenier machines for processing cotton, of machines for potato processing and date cultivation. There is also a cotton and rice market.

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Damanhur  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Damanhūr  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Champollion: L'Égypte , vol. ii. P. 249.
  2. ^ Geographika, xvii. p. 802.
  3. ^ Geographike Hyphegesis , iv. 5. § 46.
  4. ^ Itinerarium Antonini, p. 154.


This article was translated from the "Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition", a publication now in the public domain, and contains text from the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1856) by William Smith, which is also in the public domain .