Fat Emma is the popular name for the club coin of the Waldeck and Pyrmont Club Double Thaler from 1847 . The expression "Big Emma" refers to Emma Princess von Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym (1802-1858), who is named as guardian in the legend on the front of the double thaler .
Georg Victor (r. 1852-1893), b. on January 14, 1831 as the son of Prince Georg Heinrich von Waldeck and Pyrmont (r. 1813-1845) and his wife Emma Princess von Anhalt-Schaumburg-Hoym was only 14 years old after the death of his father on May 15, 1845 and therefore under the age of majority for taking over government. While he was a minor , his mother Emma assumed custody until he came of age , which he reached in 1852 at the age of 21. Emma had been appointed guardian and regent by her husband's will . She ruled as princess, regent and guardian of Waldeck and Pyrmont from 1845 to 1852 on behalf of her son. For Waldeck, since the unification of different parts of the country, no epoch has been as significant as Emma's seven-year government. The revolution of 1848/49 , which is often referred to as the “bourgeois” revolution, fell during her reign .
Under her tutelage, the club coin from 1847 was minted, which was named "Big Emma" after her. The piece is the only coin from her reign and the only club coin of the states of the German Customs Union with a princess on the coin . Emma was very popular as the regent. She became known as "Fat Emma".
First single currency
The Principality of Waldeck and Pyrmont joined the Dresden Minting Convention in 1838 and minted club double thalers from 1842. The coinage was organized analogously to the Prussian . The club double thalers, including those from 1847 with the name “Big Emma”, were also referred to as champagne thalers during their circulation period because they were roughly the value of a bottle of champagne .
The pieces were unwieldy and heavy. The high weight and the large diameter were reasons for shorter runs.
The club double thaler ("Big Emma") from Princess Emma zu Waldeck and Pyrmont from 1847 is made of silver like all club double thalers, weighs 37.120 grams with a fine weight of 33.408 grams, corresponding to a fineness of 900/1000. Its diameter is 41 millimeters. Only 1000 pieces of this double thaler were minted in Berlin . It is therefore rare.
- Inscription: EMMA FÜRSTIN REGENT (in). And). VORMÜND (erin). TO WALDECK U (nd). P (yrmont).
coat of arms
Designation from left to right:
- 1st row: County Pyrmont ; County of Rappoltstein ( Alsace ); Reign of Hohenack (Alsace)
- 2nd row: Herrschaft Geroldseck (Alsace); Waldeck's family coat of arms ; Reign of Geroldseck (Alsace)
- 3rd row: Herrschaft Hohenack (Alsace); County of Rappoltstein (Alsace); Pyrmont county
COIN CONVENTION OF IULY 30, 1838
The coinage treaty concluded between the states of the German Customs Union in Dresden in 1838 linked the southern German 24½ guilder foot with the northern German 14 thaler foot in the club coin . The result was a 2-Coin-piece, which at the same time a 3½ Gulden piece was (2 Credits = 3½ Gulden).
- Paul Arnold, Harald Küthmann, Dirk Steinhilber: Large German coin catalog from 1800 to today , Augsburg 1997
- Helmut Kahnt: The large lexicon of coins from A to Z. H. Gietl Verlag, Regenstauf 2005
- N. Douglas Nicol, Colin R. Bruce: Standard Catalog of German Coins. 1601 to Present. Krause Publications, Iola (Wisconsin) 1998
- Werner Conze, Volker Hentschel (ed.): German history, epochs and dates , Freiburg / Würzburg 1991
- The principality of Waldeck-Pyrmont since 1848. In: Our time. FA Brockhaus, Leipzig 1862, p. 681 ff. (Digitized version)
- A. Rauch: Parliamentary paperback containing the constitution ... , Erlangen, 1849, ( limited preview in the Google book search)
- Helmut Kahnt: The large coin lexicon from A to Z. (2005), p. 91: Dicke Emma
- Paul Arnold et al.: Large German coin catalog from 1800 to today. 1997, p. 354: data.
- Our time. Leipzig: FA Brockhaus. (1862), p. 681
- Our time. FA Brockhaus, Leipzig, 1862, p. 681: An important epoch
- Werner Conze, Volker Hentschel (ed.): German history, epochs and dates. 1991, p. 175.
- Martin Iversen Christensen: Women in power 1840–1870: 1845–52 Regent Dowager Princess Emma von Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym of Waldeck-Pyrmont (Germany). In: guide2womenleaders.com. Accessed December 30, 2020 (English).
- Paul Arnold et al.: Large German coin catalog from 1800 to today. 1997, p. 348: On the coinage.
- The Champagnertaler - The first German single currency. In: mdm.de . Accessed December 30, 2020 .
- Paul Arnold et al.: Large German coin catalog from 1800 to today. 1997, p. 348: Tab.
- N. Douglas Nicol et al .: Standard Catalog of German Coins. 1601 to Present. 1998, C # 84, p. 829.
- Paul Arnold et al.: Large German coin catalog from 1800 to today. 1997, p. 348: The coats of arms.
- Paul Arnold et al.: Large German coin catalog from 1800 to today. 1997, p. 463.