State Mint Berlin

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State Mint Berlin
- SMB -
Mintmark A

State Mint Berlin.jpg
State level State of Berlin
position State company / mint
Supervisory authority Senate Department for Finance
founding 1280
Headquarters Berlin , Ollenhauerstraße 97
Authority management Andreas Schikora
Servants around 70
Web presence

The State Mint Berlin (SMB) is a mint in the Federal Republic of Germany , which is commissioned by the Federal Ministry of Finance to mint the euro . The SMB has had the  “A” stamp since 1750 .

The SMB is a part of the Berlin head office that is commercially managed in accordance with Section 26 of the State Budget Code (LHO) . It is a subordinate institution of the Senate Department for Finance , which is also responsible for the technical supervision.

One of the sovereign tasks of the SMB is the minting of circulation and special coins for the Federal Republic of Germany. Medals and tokens are minted in the commercial sector.


Silver pfennig from the Berlin mint from 1369

The oldest documented mention of the Berlin Mint dates from April 4, 1280. At that time, coins were minted with a hammer and muscle power. In 1356 the Kingdom of law raised the Golden Bull , the Margraviate of Brandenburg to the electorate . The Margravial Mint became the Electoral Mint.

8 good groschen of Frederick II from 1754, Mzz. A, Berlin Mint

Elector Friedrich III. von Brandenburg was crowned King in Prussia as Frederick I in 1701 and commissioned a new building for the Royal Mint. In 1750, under King Friedrich II of Prussia , minting was reorganized and the Berlin mint received its mint mark, which is still valid today, with the letter “A” . It is one of the oldest trademarks ever. The previously common mint master marks of the Berlin mint were finally abolished.

The location of the royal mint changed several times in the 18th century, but was always in the area of ​​the Spree , whose water drove the machines. From 1802 it was located in the old coin designed by Heinrich Gentz , which had been built on Werderscher Markt in place of the burnt down Werderscher town hall, and carried the circumferential frieze of figures designed by Friedrich Gilly and executed by Johann Gottfried Schadow . The building was demolished in 1885, and the mint moved within the same street block further towards the Spree to the extension (Unterwasserstraße 2-4), which was still based on plans by August Stüler and built by Wilhelm Neumann in 1868–1871 . This in turn had to give way to the new Reichsbank building in 1934 .

In 1820, under General Mint Director Christian Friedrich Goedeking, state-of-the-art production methods were introduced: machines with the Uhlhorn toggle press developed in 1817 worked in the mint. In 1871 the mint was renamed the Prussian State Mint. 55% of all coins in the empire were minted here. Foreign countries also left their mark in Berlin. Four years later, in 1875, the minting machines each have an output of 60 to 70 coins per minute. Every day, around 750,000 coins were produced in Berlin on 18 machines. In 1935 construction began on the German Reich Coin; The aim was to merge the six remaining German national coins to form the Reichsmünze on the grounds of the city of Vogtei and the Krögels on the Spree .

The Reichsmünze was not completed due to the Second World War . In 1947, coin production was resumed in the building of the former Reichsmünze. The Prussian State Mint became the VEB Münze Berlin. As early as December 1947, much needed change was minted out of zinc from old but revised samples .

1 mark piece (1979) with mintmark A

After the end of the war, the coin was in the Soviet sector of Berlin ( East Berlin ). After the currency reform in 1948 , new coins were made from aluminum .

From 1952 the new coins of the GDR were issued. With the closure of the Muldenhütten mint in 1953, Berlin was the only mint in the GDR. After 1964, the currency denomination of German Mark in Mark is changed, the coins were redesigned.

On the occasion of the coinage that began 700 years ago in Berlin, a commemorative coin appeared in 1981 with the image of the reverse of an " Eternal Pfennig " of the city of Berlin , which was minted in 1369 due to the granting of the right to mint .

10-pfennig piece (1992) with mintmark A

The last GDR coins were minted in 1990. Due to the monetary, economic and social union of the GDR and the Federal Republic of Germany, the VEB Münze der DDR received an order from the Federal Ministry of Finance in May 1990 to issue DM coins. On June 16, 1990, the minting of 1 DM coins started. The State Mint of Berlin was formed from the VEB Münze der DDR . Their share in the total amount of federal coins to be minted is 20%.

In 2005 the location of the Berlin State Mint was relocated from Berlin-Mitte to the Reinickendorf district . The Staatliche Münze Berlin has been running a shop on Leipziger Platz since 2018 .


  • Circulation coins
    • 2014: 186.8 million units
    • 2015: 239.6 million units
    • 2016: 325.8 million pieces
    • 2017: 248.8 million units
    • 2018: 297.4 million units
    • 2019: 277.7 million units
  • Medals
    • 2014: 1.24 million pieces
    • 2015: 1.14 million pieces
    • 2016: 0922,000 pieces
    • 2017: 0566,000 pieces
    • 2018: 0728,900 pieces
    • 2019: 0645,900 pieces
  • Sales
    • 2014: € 14.73 million
    • 2015: € 17.35 million
    • 2016: € 16.54 million
    • 2017: € 14.01 million
    • 2018: € 16.01 million
    • 2019: € ​​14.11 million
  • Annual result
    • 2014: 0€ 507,300
    • 2015: € 2.63 million
    • 2016: € 2.11 million
    • 2017: € 1.52 million
    • 2018: € 0.94 million
    • 2019: € ​​1.16 million

See also

Web links

Commons : Staatliche Münze Berlin  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Uwe Kieling: Berlin building officials and state architects in the 19th century , Berlin, 1986, p. 68.
  2. Paul Arnold, Harald Küthmann, Dirk Steinhilber: Large German coin catalog from 1800 to today , Augsburg 2010, No. 475, p. 437.

Coordinates: 52 ° 34 ′ 22.1 ″  N , 13 ° 19 ′ 49.3 ″  E