Cathedral (Brandenburg an der Havel)
Dom is a district of Brandenburg an der Havel . It emerged from the municipality of Brandenburg Dom, which was incorporated in 1929 . Its medieval settlement core is on the Dominsel , some other Havel islands and lands northeast of the Beetzsee- Havel-Winkel are also part of it. Until it was transferred to the cathedral monastery between 1173 and 1179, the community was the capital of the Brandenburg bishopric , the principality of the bishop of the diocese of Brandenburg . The building that gives it its name is the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul , the cathedral of the former diocese of Brandenburg. The cathedral island, with its largely medieval structure, is registered in its entirety as a monument .
The cathedral island was already settled in prehistoric times and is the location of the Slavic Brandenburg castle . In 948, after being conquered twenty years earlier, it became the center of the newly founded diocese of Brandenburg. In the Slavic uprising in 983 , the areas on the Havel fell back into Slavic and thus pagan hands, so that the bishops of the diocese that still existed formally had to live in exile in Magdeburg for almost 200 years . After Albrecht the Bear was recaptured in June 1157 , the diocese was also de facto renewed, and extensive lands fell into the hands of the Church. The story was closely interwoven with that of the Brandenburg Cathedral and the cathedral chapter . The ecclesiastical cathedral kietz was closely related to the two secular cities of the old town of Brandenburg and the new town of Brandenburg , which were built in the immediate vicinity, only separated from the cathedral island by the arms of the Havel Näthewinde and Domstreng .
A description of the city of Brandenburg (in the geographical sense) from the year 1894 distinguishes, in addition to the city (in the political sense), the village of Dom-Brandenburg with 819 inhabitants, on whose territory the cathedral apparently also stood, from the Burg Brandenburg monastery with 210 inhabitants.
In 1901, the municipality was connected to the West Havelland district railways, which have since been largely disused (2015) and thus to the German railway network, via the Dom Brandenburg station . In 1929 the municipality of Dom Brandenburg was incorporated as one of the three medieval city centers in the city of Brandenburg an der Havel, which had existed since the merging of the old town and new town in 1715 and has since formed its own central district.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Stadtkreis Brandenburg (Havel). (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Sebastian children, Haik Thomas Porada (ed.): Brandenburg an der Havel and surroundings. 2006, ISBN 978-3-412-09103-3 , p. 146 f.