Eduard Schmitt

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Eduard Schmitt (born May 7, 1842 in Prague , † March 16, 1913 in Darmstadt ) was a Bohemian- German civil engineer and university professor .


Eduard Schmitt was born the son of a teacher. From 1858/59 he studied mathematics, geometry and physics at the Polytechnic Institute in Prague , 1859/1860 at the technical department of the Polytechnic Institute in Vienna and from 1860/1861 again in Prague.

After completing his studies, he worked in practice between 1861 and 1867. In 1867 he came to the Polytechnic Institute in Prague as an assistant for road and hydraulic engineering. In 1870 he completed his habilitation in Prague and worked as a private lecturer . In 1872 he became a full professor for civil engineering and engineering in the philosophy faculty of the University of Giessen . There he was promoted to Dr. phil. PhD . When the chair was transferred to the Technical University of Darmstadt in 1874 , he taught there as a professor from then on.

Schmitt was considered an expert in the field of road and railroad construction. From 1880 he was co-editor of the architecture manual .

Eduard Schmitt was dean of the Faculty of Engineering in 1881/1882, 1888–1891 and 1900/1901 and rector of the Technical University of Darmstadt from 1875–1877 and 1884–1886 . On June 3, 1912, Schmitt was retired at his own request, acknowledging his long service . He died the following year in Darmstadt.



  • Lectures on train stations and buildings on locomotive railways, 1873–1882
  • Masonry and stone construction work, 3 volumes, 1908 ( Göschen Collection )
  • Sports facilities, 1909–1911 (Göschen Collection)
  • Lexicon of all technology and its auxiliary sciences , 7 volumes, 1894–1899 (collaboration)
  • numerous articles in several volumes of the Handbuch der Architektur, 1880 ff.