Emil Ketterer

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Emil Ketterer (born August 6, 1883 in Neustadt in the Black Forest ; † December 23, 1959 in Munich ) was a German doctor and politician ( NSDAP ).

Live and act

Youth, training and the First World War

Ketterer grew up in the Black Forest, after graduating from high school in Donaueschingen , he began studying human medicine in Munich in 1905 . During his studies in 1905 he became a member of the Arminia Munich fraternity . In two phases he did military service with a foot artillery regiment and as a one-year doctor with the 2nd Bavarian Infantry Regiment Kronprinz.

In his youth, Ketterer was successful as a track and field athlete: from 1908 he was organized in TSV 1860 Munich . In 1912 he took part with the German selection at the Olympic Games in Stockholm. With his comrades Aicher, Lehmann and Kern from Verein 1860 München, he set a new German record in the 4 x 100 meter relay (42.6 seconds) in 1913 , which lasted until 1925.

After receiving his license to practice medicine in 1913, Ketterer worked as a regimental doctor between 1914 and 1917 during the First World War . During the war he was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class and the Bavarian Military Merit Order 4th Class with Swords as well as the Knight's Cross from the Zähringer Löwen and the Austrian Cross of Merit. After the war, Ketterer settled down as a general practitioner in Munich.

Activity in military associations and in Nazi organizations

In November 1918, Ketterer joined the Bavarian People's Party (BVP), which he soon left. In addition, he began to get involved in various military associations: He was in the Heimwehr and in Colonel Lenz's temporary volunteer regiment before he switched to the Reich War Flag founded by Ernst Röhm .

In January 1923 Ketterer joined the NSDAP for the first time (membership number 17.096). In November 1923 he took part in the Hitler putsch with the " Reichskriegsflagge " , during which he and other putschists occupied the military district command in Munich.

After the re-establishment of the NSDAP with effect from April 14, 1925, Ketterer rejoined the party ( membership number 697). In the same year he also joined the street combat group of the NSDAP, the Sturmabteilung (SA). In the second half of the 1920s he was one of the founders of the NS Sports Medical Association and was chairman of the disciplinary court of the NS Medical Association from 1929 to 1934.

After the " seizure of power " by the National Socialists, Ketterer became a member of the Munich City Council in April 1933 and in this role was responsible for the hospitals in Munich in the following years. As head of the SA medical services at the highest SA leadership with the rank of SA medical group leader, Ketterer was also the personal physician of the SA chief Ernst Röhm from 1933 to 1934 . In the Röhm affair , on June 30, 1934, Ketterer witnessed the disempowerment and arrest by Hitler in the Hanselbauer guesthouse in Bad Wiessee , where Röhm was staying for recreational purposes under the care of Ketterer. Ketterer himself escaped arrest because of the intercession of SA-Obergruppenführer Viktor Lutze , who at that time was Röhm's designated successor in Hitler's entourage in Bad Wiessee.

Ketterer retained his position as chief of the SA medical services even after Lutze was appointed chief of staff of the SA. It was not until February 1, 1937 that he resigned from this position at his own request. On November 9, 1938 , he was still promoted to SA-Obergruppenführer.

While he was in charge of the SA medical services, Ketterer ran unsuccessfully in the 1936 Reichstag election .

From 1936 to 1945 Ketterer was chairman of TSV 1860 Munich .

During the Second World War, as a doctor, Ketterer expressly endorsed the National Socialists' " euthanasia " program. For his participation in the Hitler putsch he was awarded the " Blood Order ".


Ketterer had two daughters, Waltrude (* January 21, 1916, † 2008) and Helga Ingrid (* July 21, 1920), and a son, Eberhard (* August 17, 1925). His son-in-law, the husband of his daughter Waltrude, was the employer president Hanns Martin Schleyer , who was murdered by the Red Army Faction (RAF).


  • Dirk Bitzer / Bernd Wilting : Storming for Germany - The History of German Football from 1933 to 1954 . Campus Verlag 2003, ISBN 3-593-37191-X .
  • Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume I: Politicians, Part 7: Supplement A – K, Winter, Heidelberg 2013, ISBN 978-3-8253-6050-4 . Pp. 535-536.
  • Nils Havemann: Football under the swastika: The DFB between sport, politics and commerce . Campus Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2005, ISBN 3-593-37906-6 .
  • Lutz Hachmeister : Schleyer , 2004, pp. 74–77. (There is also a photo from his SA leader questionnaire)
  • Winfried Süss: The “people's body” in war. Health policy, health conditions and the murder of the sick in National Socialist Germany 1939–1945. Oldenbourg, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-486-56719-5 .

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