Ernst Braune (politician, 1879)

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Road sign to Ernst Braune in Lueneburg-Mittelfeld

Ernst Braune (born September 2, 1879 in Bremen , † October 8, 1954 in Lüneburg ) was a German politician ( SPD ).


Coming from a family of craftsmen, the brown one began an apprenticeship as a bricklayer after attending primary school . Up to 1902 he was employed in various cities at home and abroad as a bricklayer and later as a foreman . During one such occupation he came to Lüneburg. Braune had been a union member of the construction workers' association since 1899 and was active as chairman for Lüneburg.

From 1902 he was a member of the SPD. Braune was appointed mayor of Lüneburg in 1919 and was an unpaid senator of the city of Lüneburg between 1924 and 1933. In 1922 he was one of the founders of the Volkshaus GmbH trade union center, Schröderstrasse 16, which served as an inn, restaurant, social and meeting rooms, and traffic bar for the free trade unions. Under his patronage and later namesake of the settlement, today's Lüneburger Wohnungsbau GmbH began developing the middle field in 1926 . After the seizure of power in 1933, he was removed from all offices for political reasons. From 1937 to July 1945 he was unemployed.

After the end of the Second World War he was again politically active in the SPD as an advisory board for the city of Lüneburg from July 1945. In August 1945 he was made senior city secretary of the city of Lüneburg and retired in January 1946. Between 1946 and 1949 he was Lord Mayor of Lüneburg.

Braune was a member of the Hanover Provincial Parliament between 1924 and 1933 and a member of the appointed Hanover State Parliament from August 23, 1946 to October 29, 1946. Here he was chairman of the budget and finance committee.

He was appointed member of the Lower Saxony state parliament from December 9, 1946 to March 28, 1947. He was again chairman of the budget and finance committee. In the first and second electoral terms he was also a member of the Lower Saxony state parliament from April 20, 1947 until his death on October 8, 1954. On June 6, 1947 he was again chairman of the Committee on Budget and Finance.


A street in Lüneburg - Ernst-Braune-Straße - was named after him.

Web links

Ernst-Braune-Siedlung in Lüneburg


  • Barbara Simon : Member of Parliament in Lower Saxony 1946–1994. Biographical manual. Edited by the President of the Lower Saxony State Parliament. Lower Saxony State Parliament, Hanover 1996, pp. 51–52.

Individual evidence

  1. a b The smashing of the Lüneburg trade union movement in 1933 - some remarks, editor: Association of those persecuted by the Nazi regime - Bund der Antifaschistinnen und Antifaschisten Kreisvereinigung Lüneburg, Lüneburg May 2013, p. 5.