Ernst Arnold Egli (born January 17, 1893 Vienna ; † October 20, 1974 in Meilen ) was an Austrian - Swiss architect and urban planner in Vienna and Zurich . Egli lived for a long time in Turkey, where he created most of his built work.
The son of the Swiss engineer Johann Jakob Egli (1840–1918) grew up in Vienna, where he studied architecture at the Technical University from 1912–18 . After a brief activity in the Theiss & Jaksch atelier , he went into business for himself in 1919. In the 1920s, Egli was one of the circle of architects and planners in Vienna, such as Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky , who worked for housing construction within the settlement movement . He was Clemens Holzmeister's assistant at the Vienna Academy from 1924-27 and came to Turkey in 1927 on his recommendation. Both work significantly influenced the Kemalist structure of the new Ankara in the years 1927–1938. Expressed by Mustafa Kemal Pascha with the development of a modern architecture for school construction, he had a major impact on modernity in Turkey. 1936–1937 he built some buildings in the Ataturk Forest Farm in Ankara.
Egli's wife was Jewish, so the two could not return to Austria. After moving to Switzerland in 1940 - Egli was a Swiss citizen - from 1942 he held teaching positions at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich , where he was appointed adjunct professor for urban planning in 1947 . From 1947 to 1951 the Lebanese government appointed him head of the urban development department in Beirut. After two years of teaching again in Zurich, he worked from 1953 to 1956 on behalf of the UN at the University of Ankara. During his time as a university lecturer until his retirement in 1963 at the ETH, he wrote his fundamental writings on urban planning, which earned him great recognition and are still valid today.
In 1968 he received an honorary doctorate from the Vienna University of Technology .
- The Turkish house. In: La Turquie Kemaliste, No. 14, 1936
- The new city in landscape and climate. Rentsch, Erlenbach 1951
- Sinan, the master builder of the Ottoman heyday. Rentsch, Erlenbach 1954
- History of town planning. 3 vols. Rentsch, Erlenbach (and Zurich) 1959–67
A selection of projects
- Reformsiedlung Eden , Hütteldorf / Vienna, 1921–22
- Conservatory , Ankara, 1928
- Supreme Audit Office , Ankara, 1928
- Girls ' Trade Institute, Ankara, 1930–31
- Villa Ragip Devres , Istanbul, 1930–31
- Girls High School , Ankara, 1930–31
- Agricultural College , Ankara, 1931–33
- Surgery and Anatomy of the University Hospitals , Istanbul, 1932–36
- Teacher training college , Balikessir , 1933-34
- College of Political Education , Ankara, 1933–36
- Faculty of Biology , Istanbul, 1932–36
- Samples for Kemal Ataturk , Ankara, 1930–37
- House Fuat Bulca , Ankara, 1936
- Embassy of Switzerland , Ankara, 1936–40
- Embassy of Iraq , Ankara, 1936–38
- Administration and boarding school of the Air Fleet Association , Ankara, 1934–36
- Bernd Nicolai: Ernst (Arnold) Egli. In: Isabelle Rucki and Dorothee Huber (eds): Architects Lexicon of Switzerland - 19./20. Century. Birkhäuser, Basel 1998, ISBN 3-7643-5261-2 .
- Oya Atalay Franck: Architecture and Politics: Ernst Egli and Turkish Modernism 1927–1940. gta Verlag, Zurich 2012, ISBN 978-3-85676-255-1 .
- Oya Atalay Franck: German-Speaking Architects in the Early Republic. In: Thomas Lier / Goethe-Institut Ankara (Hg): Becoming a capital city: Traces of German-speaking architects in Ankara. Ankara 2011, ISBN 978-3-00-034624-8 .
- Literature by and about Ernst Egli in the catalog of the German National Library
- Ernst Egli. In: arch INFORM .
- Ernst Egli. In: Architects Lexicon Vienna 1770–1945. Published by the Architekturzentrum Wien . Vienna 2007.
- Dagmar Böcker: Egli, Ernst. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Ernst Egli. In: Becoming a Capital; Traces of German-speaking architects in Ankara
- Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky : Zeitzeugin , in: Displaced reason: Emigration and exile Austrian science. 2nd International Symposium, October 19-23, 1987 in Vienna . Vienna: Jugend und Volk 1988, p. 631
- NN: Professor Ernst Egli 70 years . In: Schweizerische Bauzeitung . tape 81 , no. 3 , 1963, p. 36 , doi : 10.5169 / seals-66703 .
- TU Wien: Honorary doctorates ( memento of the original from February 21, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Retrieved March 26, 2015.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Egli, Ernst Arnold (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian-Swiss architect and urban planner|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 17, 1893|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Vienna|
|DATE OF DEATH||20th October 1974|
|Place of death||miles|