City of Ravensburg
|Height :||459 m|
|Incorporation :||1st February 1974|
|Postal code :||88214|
|Area code :||0751|
The village is located in the south of the urban area. It consists of the territory of the municipality of Eschach, which was independent until January 31, 1974 and is divided into three residential districts:
The residential area Weißenau consists of the residential areas Fidazhofen, Höllholz, Mariatal, Neuberg, Rahlen, Rasthalde, Teuringer, Torkenweiler, Weiherstobel, Weingartshof and Weißenau. The Obereschach residential district consists of the residential areas Aich, Alznach, Benzen, Flappach, Furt, Gutenfurt, Häldele, Hüttenberg, Karrer, Kemmerlang, Lachen, Lauterach, Obereschach, Oberhofen, Sickenried, Strietach, Untereschach and Waidenhofen. The third residential district is Gornhofen , consisting of the residential areas Bauren, Blaser, Bottenreute, Bruggen, Christushof, Fildenmoos, Gornhofen, Kögel, Obersulgen, Obertennenmoos, Schwärzach, Tennenmoos andvorsolbach.
The places of residence in the village of Eschach are in the Schussental and on the eastern hills above the Schussental.
There are three nature reserves in the locality: the Egelsee near Gornhofen, the Kemmerlanger Moos and the Mariataler Wäldle.
The village goes back to the Upper Austrian office of Eschach and the old Weißenau monastery office with the center of Oberhofen, where the infirmary for plague sufferers used to stand. In 1826 the Oberhofen Office, the Eschach Office and some smaller parcels were combined to form the Eschach municipality within the Ravensburg Office. In 1849 the state domain of Weißenau was incorporated. In 1853, the sub-communities Eschach and Weißenau were formed within the overall community of Eschach, which were dissolved again in 1932. The seat of the municipality Eschach was in Oberhofen.
As the “residential district of Eschach”, the village provides 6 of the 32 Ravensburger municipal councils. These are chosen in a " false sub-location ".
The town hall of Eschach, where the local council also meets, is located in Oberhofen. The local council of Eschach has 17 members. A city official appointed by the municipal council in agreement with the local council acts as the mayor and chairman of the local council. The responsibilities of the local council result from the main statute of the city of Ravensburg.
The CDU and the Greens are each represented with seven seats, the SPD with two seats and the FDP with one seat in the local council (as of 2019).
coat of arms
The municipality of Eschach had a coat of arms from 1934 to 1974, which shows an abbot's staff as a symbol of the historical affiliation to the Weißenau monastery and wave beams as a symbol for the rivers Schussen and Schwarzach . The wavy bars can also be understood as a symbol for the second part of the name “-ach” of the municipality name; so the coat of arms becomes partly a "talking coat of arms". Since it was incorporated into Ravensburg in 1974, the coat of arms is no longer used officially. However, it is still used unofficially by the village of Eschach.
Description of coat of arms : In a split shield in front in blue a silver abbot's staff turned to the left, behind in silver two blue wavy bars .
Like the rest of the Ravensburg region, Eschach has a Roman Catholic influence. The community is the seat of the following parishes, all of which belong to the Dean's Office Allgäu-Oberschwaben:
- Parish of St. Walburga, Gornhofen
- Parish of St. Johann Baptist, Obereschach
- Parish of St. Peter and Paul, Weißenau
Together with the parish of St. Antonius of Padua in Oberzell, they are combined to form the pastoral care unit Ravensburg-Süd.
The Protestant parish of Eschach is part of the Ravensburg parish in the Ravensburg deanery. It has 1,650 members (as of 2004). The community was founded in 1993 after the new Lukas community center was built in Oberhofen. In addition to the community center, the chapter house of the Weißenau monastery is also used for church services.
Economy and Infrastructure
The townscape of Eschach is still characterized by agriculture. The special crops of the Lake Constance region are dominant, including fruit growing (mainly apples), hops , strawberries and asparagus. Fruit, strawberries and asparagus as well as homemade juices and schnapps are often sold in farm shops. The old wine-growing tradition still attests to place names such as Weingartshof and Torkenweiler (from Torkel).
The state center for psychiatry in Weißenau is housed in the monastery buildings of the former Weißenau Abbey and the surrounding new buildings. A bleaching and finishing factory , initially set up in the monastery in the 19th century, existed in spacious industrial buildings in the immediate vicinity of the monastery until the 21st century, but production was discontinued in 2006. The buildings and land were acquired by the city of Ravensburg in 2007. Otherwise mainly craft and trading companies are located in Weißenau.
The Mariatal and Karrer industrial areas are the two most important newer business locations in the city of Ravensburg, which for a long time has barely had any new industrial space in the city center. Numerous medium-sized companies are based in Karrer and Mariatal (both in Schussental), including Vetter Pharma and pro solar .
On the edge of the Karrer industrial park, the Ravensburg district has been operating a garbage dump, the Gutenfurt disposal center, since 1975 .
The Langwiese wastewater treatment plant (located in the Schussental between Untereschach and Oberzell near Lachen), which is sponsored by the Mariatal wastewater association, cleans the wastewater from the cities of Ravensburg and Weingarten and the municipalities of Baienfurt and Berg.
The federal road 30 (Ulm - Friedrichshafen) runs through Eschach , from which the federal road 467 branches off to Tettnang near Oberhofen . In Weißenau there is a stop on the southern railway line (Ulm - Friedrichshafen), which is served by the Bodensee-Oberschwaben-Bahn (BOB). Public buses connect the districts with each other and with the Ravensburg city center.
There are three schools in Eschach. In addition to the Obereschach elementary school, which bears the name Stefan-Rahl-Schule , there are also the Weißenau elementary school and the Weißenau clinic school.
The Weißenau branch of the University of Tübingen operated a radio telescope with a diameter of 26 m at the Rasthalde in a forest near Weißenau from 1960. The radio astronomical observations were discontinued in 1992; the system has now been dismantled.
Culture and sights
The village of Eschach has a small local museum on Torplatz in Weißenau. There is also a small museum in the village community center in Oberhofen, which was built by the Oberhofen village community.
In the former ballroom of the Weißenau monastery, classical concerts by the cultural office of the city of Ravensburg and the Kulturkreis Eschach e. V. instead. Music associations in Gornhofen, Obereschach and Weißenau ( Musikverein Sternberg ) maintain brass music.
The Weißenau monastery is a main attraction on the Upper Swabian Baroque Route . Obereschach and Gornhofen are also on the main route of this holiday route.
The former Premonstratensian Abbey in Weißenau includes the baroque monastery church (today the parish church of St. Peter and Paul), which was built by Franz Beer von Blaichten from 1717 to 1724 and which is equipped with early baroque choir stalls from 1635. It has a classical organ by Johann Nepomuk Holzhey . In addition, the Holy Blood relic, the convent building with its richly stuccoed ballroom used for concerts , the gate building and the farm building of the monastery are important sights in Weißenau. The memorial of the gray buses is a memorial for the victims of the National Socialist "euthanasia".
The baroque parish church of St. Johannes Baptist in Obereschach was built between 1751 and 1754.
The parish church of St. Walburga and Ottilie in Gornhofen is also a baroque building and dates from 1728.
The St. Maria and Nikolaus chapel is located in the Mariatal cemetery. The church was consecrated in 1166, and the cemetery, too, presumably dates back to the foundation of the Premonstratensian convent of Mariatal in the 12th century, making it one of the oldest in the region. In the course of a plague epidemic, the cemetery was expanded in 1628/1629 and has served as a parish cemetery since 1662. The cemetery was last expanded in 1978.
Sports life is shaped by the offers of the sports clubs SV Weißenau and TSV Eschach.
A local festival and children's festival takes place in Weißenau every year . Eschach pupils and citizens also take part in the Rutenfest Ravensburg . Since 1960, operates Narrenzunft "fool-Au" Weißenau the Swabian-Alemannic carnival , including a traditional night parade of fools groups from all over Upper Swabia.
The three local music associations each hold annual concerts.
- Chronicle of the Ravensburg district. Landscape, history, customs, art . Chroniken-Verlag Boxberg, Hinterzarten 1975
- At home in Eschach . Local administration Eschach, Ravensburg 2012 ( online version )
- Beate Falk (ed.): Eschach in old views . European Library, Zaltbommel / Netherlands 1986, ISBN 90-288-3465-6
- Johann Daniel Georg von Memminger: Eschach community . In: Description of the Oberamt Ravensburg. Cotta, Stuttgart and Tübingen 1836 ( full text at Wikisource )
- Local administration Eschach
- Information about the village on the website of the city of Ravensburg
- Oberhofen village community
- 2019 - Eschach local council. Retrieved July 16, 2019 .