FINO research platforms

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Map of the offshore wind turbines in the German Bight

The FINO research platforms are three German research institutions in the German Exclusive Economic Zone in the North Sea and the Baltic Sea .


To promote the offshore - wind power should under the German Future Investment Program (ZIP) from the proceeds of the sale of UMTS - licenses are provided from 2001 15.4 million euros. With these three agents should F orschungsplattformen i n N properly and O stsee (FINO) built and operated. The German government's strategy paper on wind energy use from 2002 states:

After consultation with the departments concerned, three offshore research platforms are to be built in the course of 2002 in three potential suitable areas and in the immediate vicinity of planned larger offshore wind farms that have been applied for from the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency : In the North Sea approx. 40 km north of the island of Borkum and approx. 70 km west of the island of Sylt and in the Baltic Sea possibly approx. 40 km north of the island of Rügen . With the help of these research platforms, the following investigations are carried out:

  • On behalf of the BMWi, measurements of wind strength and turbulence depending on the height, the wave height, the strength of the ocean currents and the nature of the seabed ;
  • On behalf of the BMVBW, measurements of the density of shipping traffic in the vicinity of the offshore research platforms;
  • On behalf of the BMU ecological research including issues of bird migration , the porpoise , the benthic communities and the prevention of environmental damage caused by ship strikes.

Germanischer Lloyd WindEnergie GmbH (GL) was entrusted with the planning of these research platforms as early as 2001 . Even before the first one was built, however, it was clear that the funds would not be enough for two more platforms. The construction of the Baltic Sea platform was therefore initially postponed and the tender for a second platform in the North Sea was prepared as FINO 2 - but this did not come about either. Ultimately, these two platforms could only be realized thanks to the financial commitment of the states of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Schleswig-Holstein .


The stations FINO 1 and 3 belong to the network of measuring stations of MARNET . All platforms are outside of the 12 nautical mile zone ; H. in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the Federal Republic of Germany.

According to the Marine Plant Ordinance at the time, the research platforms were not subject to approval unless they serve economic purposes and construction began before December 31, 2008. In this case, however, they had to be reported to the responsible approval authority, the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH). Since the beginning of 2012, research platforms have also come under the approval regime of the BSH.

There is also a radiation measuring system of the Federal Office for Radiation Protection with a connection to the ODL measuring network on the platform.

Technical overview of the three FINO research platforms
feature FINO 1 FINO 2 FINO 3
Location North Sea (north of Borkum) Baltic Sea (north of Rügen) North Sea (west of Sylt)
Water depth / max. Water level 28 m / + 5.7 m ≈24 m ≈22 m / + 4.5 m
100 year wave 17 m 11.5 m ≈18.5 m
Formation type Jacket monopile rammed Rammed monopile
Pile diameter / wall thickness 4 × 1 m / 28 mm 3.3-2.5 m / 63 mm 4.7-2.7 m / 65 mm
Pile embedment depth 4 × 30 m 25 m 30 m
Working deck area 16 × 16 m² 12.2 x 12.2 m² 13 × 13 m²
Deck elevation 20 m above sea level SKN 10 m above sea level SKN 21.5 m above sea level SKN
Main access via Helideck Boat launch Helideck
Measuring mast construction four-stemmed, welded four-stemmed, welded three-stemmed, screwed
Mast base width / height 4 m / 84 m 4.5 m / 90 m 6 m / 85 m
Total height and SKN 101.5 m 100 m 120 m
Data transfer Directional radio and shortwave Satellite and shortwave Satellite and shortwave
power supply 2 diesel gensets 2 diesel gensets 4 diesel gensets
Tank capacity (diesel) 10 m³ 15 m³ ≥10 m³


Project management FINO 1
  Research and Development Center
  Kiel University of Applied Sciences
  Schwentinestr. 24
  24148 Kiel
Research projects
  • German Wind Energy Institute (DEWI) (weather and load on the platform construction)
  • German Weather Service (Meteorology)
  • BSH (Hydrography)
  • ISEB, University of Hanover (Hydro)
  • Waterways and Shipping Directorate (WSD) (shipping traffic)
  • Vogelwarte Helgoland (bird migration)
  • Wadden Sea National Park Office (MINOS)
  • Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) (Beofino)
  • Inst. F. Baltic Sea Research (Beofino)
  • ITAP Oldenburg (sound)
  • ISD, University of Hanover (sound)
Funding by
  • Federal Ministry for Economics and Technology



The first platform was put out to tender in 2002 on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology. This was preceded by soil examinations in autumn 2001. GL coordinated the project, IMS Ingenieurgesellschaft carried out the planning and F + Z Baugesellschaft received the building contract after the tender. FINO 1 was set up in July 2003, after which GL began regular operations. After completing the first project phase, the platform was handed over to the federal government in 2005. The company was initially taken over by GL or a subsidiary. Following a tender by the Federal Office for the Environment, Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety , the Research and Development Center of the Kiel University of Applied Sciences took over the operation of FINO 1 for five years in February 2012. This already operates FINO 3.


The platform is located in the southern part of the German Exclusive Economic Zone in the North Sea on the Borkum reef ( coordinates : 54 ° 01 'N, 06 ° 35' E). The “ alpha ventusoffshore wind farm test field is located directly to the east .


The construction is based on a jacket foundation and consists of a working deck of 16 × 16 m, a helideck and an anemometer mast .

Research priorities

The research focuses on meteorology , shipping, benthos , and bird migration .

Project management FINO 2
  Brooktorkai 18
  20457 Hamburg
Research projects
Funding by



The second platform was tackled by the Warnemünde Shipping Institute in 2005, financed by the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and the BMU. The Rostock planning office Inros-Lackner AG took over the design planning , tendering and construction supervision up to completion by ArGe F + Z / Aarsleff in July 2007.


The location is 35 km north of Rügen on the outer edge of the German Exclusive Economic Zone in the Baltic Sea, on the northwest corner of the later built offshore wind farm "EnBW Baltic 2 " (coordinates: 55 ° 00.42 'N, 013 ° 09.25 'E).


FINO 2 is a monopile construction. Ice loads in particular also had to be taken into account in their design. The deck is approximately 12 × 12 m and carries a 90 m high measuring mast.

Research priorities

The main research areas are meteorology, shipping, benthos and hydrography.


Project management FINO 3
  Research and Development Center
  Kiel University of Applied Sciences
  Schwentinestr. 24, 24149 Kiel
Research projects
  • TU Braunschweig (pile foundations)
  • FH Kiel (lightning)
  • FH Kiel (turbulence)
  • CAU Kiel (seismic)
  • GKSS Research Center (vomiting behavior)
  • Wind test CHP (meteorology)
  • BSH (Hydrography)
  • Vogelwarte Helgoland (bird migration)
Funding by
  • Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety
  • European Commission
  • Ministry of Economy, Science and Transport Schleswig-Holstein


The project idea “Neptun - North Sea Development Platform for Technology and Nature Conservation” was taken up and promoted at the end of 2004 by the Research and Development Center Kiel University of Applied Sciences ( FuE FH Kiel GmbH ). A first application for funding was submitted to the BMU and the State of Schleswig-Holstein at the beginning of 2005, together with a large number of scientific research applications, and around a year later funding notices for funding totaling 7.3 million euros were available. After half a year of preliminary planning, the tendering process was started in autumn 2006. After graduation, Ed. Züblin  AG commissioned with detailed planning and construction in July 2007. The piling work at the site began on July 27, 2008. The start of regular operations by the FuE FH Kiel GmbH was planned for October 2008, but the assembly work of the superstructures may be. a. postponed to 2009 due to weather problems. The research platform went into operation on August 31, 2009.


The platform is located in the northern part of the German Exclusive Economic Zone of the North Sea, approx. 80 km west of the island of Sylt (coordinates: 55 ° 11.7 'N, 007 ° 09.5' E) in the immediate vicinity of the DanTysk , Sandbank and Nördlicher wind farm projects Reason .


FINO 3 was founded on a monopile (weight: approx. 315 t) and equipped with a helideck (total weight: approx. 600 t). The approx. 85 m high measuring mast installed on the 13 × 13 m working deck is equipped with a 15 m long lightning rod so that the structure reaches a total height of 120 m above sea ​​chart zero . On the working deck there are two 20 'containers for measurement technology and energy supply as well as a 10' tank container. The water depth at the site is 23 m and the monopile was driven approx. 30 m deep into the sea floor with approx. 6500 pile-ups.

Research priorities

The main research areas of the first measurement phase are foundation behavior, lightning protection, meteorology and the like. a. The platform is also available to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) for further research and development projects.


  • Strategy paper of the federal government on the use of wind energy. 2002.
  • Retzlaff: Research Platform FINO 2 - an Engineering Structure for the Investigation of Climatic, Avifaunistic and Marine Biological Data in the Baltic Sea . 2006. Third Chinese-German Joint Symposium on Coastal and Ocean Engineering
  • Hans Kahle, Gerhardt Müller: Research platform "FINO 1" north of Borkum Riff . In: HANSA – International Maritime Journal . November 2003, p. 80-84 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  2. ↑ The R&D center of the Kiel University of Applied Sciences takes over "FINO1". In: Schiff & Hafen, issue 5/2012, p. 66, ISSN  0938-1643
  3. BSH monitoring network: Fino 1 ( Memento of the original from May 21, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. Wolfhart Fabarius: Researching the risks of marine wind farms . In: Daily port report of August 17, 2016, p. 15