Franz-Christian Czygan

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Franz-Christian Czygan (born October 25, 1934 in Königsberg , Prussia ; † January 16, 2012 in Würzburg , Bavaria ) was a German professor of pharmaceutical biology .


Czygan fled from East Prussia to West Germany in 1945 . He studied pharmacy at the University of Marburg , where he received his license to practice medicine in 1961 . A degree in biology and biochemistry followed parallel to the doctorate. In 1967 he completed his habilitation in Erlangen in the subjects of general botany and pharmacognosy.

From 1972 until his retirement in 2000 he held the chair for pharmaceutical biology at the Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg . With Max Wichtl and others, he published from 1984 the standard work on tea drugs and phytopharmaceuticals: A manual for practice on a scientific basis in several editions.

He was a board member of the Society for Phytotherapy eV and there author and co-editor of the magazine for phytotherapy . In 1999 he and Gundolf Keil co-founded the research group “Monastery Medicine” , from which the Research Group Monastery Medicine emerged. Also in 1999 he was the initiator and founding member of the study group Development History of Medicinal Plant Science , a committee which, among other things , elects the Medicinal Plant of the Year . At his suggestion, the medicinal plants department in the Botanical Garden of the University of Würzburg was set up.

In his research, Czygan dealt in particular with the plant constituents, including their modern production options. He also published on art historical and folklore aspects in the history of medicinal plants.

In April 2000 he was awarded an honorary doctorate by what is now the Baltic Federal University of Immanuel Kant for “his services to the development of a modern pharmaceutical biology and to the scientific cooperation between East and West”.

Franz-Christian Czygan died on January 16, 2012 in Würzburg.

Fonts (selection)

  • Blood rain and blood snow: Nitrogen-deficient cells from Haematococcus pluvialis and Chlamydomonas nivalis In: Archives of Microbiology Volume 74, Number 1 / March 1970
  • Dyes in plants , Fischer, Stuttgart 1975, ISBN 3-437-30230-2
  • Possibilities for the production of drugs through plant tissue cultures. In: Planta med. Supplement 1975, pp. 169-185.
  • Biogenic drugs: developments in the field of pharmaceutical biology, phytochemistry and phytotherapy , Vieweg & Sohn, Braunschweig and Wiesbaden 1984, ISBN 3-528-08503-7 .
  • Medicinal plants in the mirror of Dutch painting. In: Martinus Nijhoff, W. Junk (Ed.): Essential oils and aromatic plants. Dordrecht 1985, pp. 233-246.
  • with Katharina Keimig-Riegel: Würzbüschel and their meaning in folklore and folk medicine. In: Journal of Phytotherapy. Volume 7, 1986, pp. 140-144.
  • Medicinal plant gardens - objects of art. In: Journal of Phytotherapy. Volume 11, 1990, pp. 185-194.
  • Cultural history and mysticism of St. John's wort. In: Journal of Phytotherapy. Volume 14, 1993, pp. 272-278.
  • with Max Wichtl among others: Tea drugs and phytopharmaceuticals: A manual for practice on a scientific basis. 4th edition. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-8047-1854-X
  • as editor with Johannes Gottfried Mayer and Ulrike Bausewein: Würzburg - Herbipolis, city of gardens, plants and wine. Schnell und Steiner publishing house, Regensburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-7954-2139-7

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Obituary of the University of Würzburg ( Memento from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  2. ^ Gundolf Keil: Foreword. In: Medical historical messages. Journal for the history of science and specialist prose research. Volume 34, 2015 (2016), pp. 7–11, here: p. 7.
  3. Honorary doctorate for Prof. Dr. Franz-Christian Czygan
  4. ^ Art-loving botanist: Professor Franz-Christian Czygan has died , Main-Post , January 18, 2012
  5. ^ Obituary by the Research Group on Monastery Medicine , January 20, 2012