Franz Xaver Litschgi

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Franz Xaver Litschgi (born October 28, 1799 in Endingen am Kaiserstuhl , † November 18, 1855 in Freiburg im Breisgau ) was a German lawyer and member of the Baden Estates Assembly .

Live and act

Litschgi was born in 1799 as the son of a municipal lawyer and, after attending grammar school , studied philosophy from the summer semester of 1816 , then law at the University of Freiburg im Breisgau . In 1818 he became a member of the old Freiburg fraternity . In 1822 he became a legal intern , in 1827 a court judge , in 1832 a court judge in Merseburg and then in Freiburg in 1834. In 1835 he was appointed senior court judge , moved to Mannheim in 1836 , became court director in 1842 and president of the court in Freiburg in 1845. From 1839 he was a member of theSecond chamber of the Baden state parliament, first for constituency 17 (Hornberg, Wolfach, Haslach), later for the constituency of Freiburg 1. In 1845 he became an extraordinary member of the State Council .

In March 1849 he led the high treason proceedings , the first jury trial in Baden, against the Baden rebels Gustav Struve and Karl Blind , which ended with extremely mild sentences. Together with Johann Baptist Bekk he edited the court journal Annalen der Großherzoglich-Baden courts . He was the bearer of the Knight's Cross from the Order of the Zähringer Lion .

Individual evidence

  1. Ludwig Richter (Ed.): Critical Yearbooks for German Law , Focke, Leipzig 1843, p. 1122 ( full text in the Google book search)


  • Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume I: Politicians. Volume 3: I-L. Winter, Heidelberg 1999, ISBN 3-8253-0865-0 , p. 296.
  • Babette Tondorf: Criminal defense in the early stages of the reformed criminal process. The high treason proceedings against the Baden insurgents Gustav Struve and Karl Blind (1848/49). Berlin 2006, p. 66.