Franz von Schmück

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Franz Freiherr von Schmück (born October 5, 1797 in Pilsen ; † May 29, 1862 in Brno ) was an Imperial and Royal Privy Councilor , an Austrian administrative officer and politician, including President of the Bukovina , and then President of the Moravian-Silesian Higher Regional Court.


Seat of the building of the state government of Bukowina initiated by Schmück 1873-1905
Former Palace of Justice in Brno

The son of a military officer graduated from high schools in Pilsen and Budweis . He attended the philosophical faculty of the University of Prague in 1815/16 , but quickly gave up his original plan to study theology and began studying law at the same university, which he graduated in 1819.

Schmück came afterwards in October 1820 as an intern detective office the magistrate to Budweis one was in August 1822 Criminal actuary , 1830 Magistrate Secretary to Teplitz and 1834 Magistrate to Carlsbad. In 1837 he was mayor and head of the criminal court in Leitmeritz . This city owed him the development of intellectual culture and material prosperity, on the basis of which he was awarded the honorary citizenship diploma.

In 1843 the baron was appointed magistrate and criminal judge in Prague , then in April 1847 he joined the Bohemian Court of Appeal as an assistant clerk, where he was promoted to council three months later. Furthermore, on December 12, 1849, he was appointed district president for the Pilsen region. In this office he took care of the promotion of primary production, trade and industry as well as the promotion of all cultural and humanitarian institutions for four years.

After the lawyer had been appointed a member of the regional organizing commission in January 1853, he was appointed provisional on March 6 and from May 29, 1854 on as the first independent state president of Bucovina , after the country had been formally separated from the administration of Galicia . Here he successfully tried to ensure the peaceful coexistence of citizens of different nationalities and denominations. He also initiated the establishment of the State Library in Chernivtsi , the museum associated with the same and two charitable associations, the Empress Elisabeth and Franz Joseph Association. Furthermore, he took care of the promotion of popular culture through several educational institutions he set up - during his term of office the opening of the first Israelite-German elementary school fell - the development of traffic, but also the implementation of the new political organization of the country. At the beginning of 1857, the state president made the board of directors of the Israelite community aware of the need to build a temple institute, whereupon the banker Markus Zucker immediately began to collect donations. The construction could not be realized yet. According to plans by the Polish architect Julian Zachariewicz, this and the Israelite Temple in Chernivtsi were built between 1873 and 1877. His recall on November 27, 1857 was noted with great regret. The city of Chernivtsi made him an honorary citizen and the Association for Regional Studies and Regional Culture in Bukowina an honorary member and even in 1861 his achievements for the country's expansion were recognized by the Bukovinian state parliament .

After four years of activity in Bukowina, Schmück was appointed President of the Moravian-Silesian Higher Regional Court by the highest resolution. Although already ill, he dutifully performed his ministry until his sudden death.

Emperor Franz Joseph I paid tribute to the services of the administrative lawyer by being awarded the Order of the Iron Crown 2nd class on April 22, 1854 . According to the statutes of the order, Schmück was then raised to the status of hereditary-Austrian baron in Vienna on December 13, 1855 . The monarch also honored him on September 25, 1859 by conferring the secret council dignity. His popularity there is documented by the memorial erected on his grave in the Brno cemetery in the summer of 1862 by the courts of Moravia and Silesia.

Since he had only one daughter with his wife Josefa († November 13, 1874), this family line has expired in the male line.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the Barons von Schmück 1855

1855: Squared with a golden heart shield, in which two "loyal hands" with silver sleeves are bars. 1. In blue a silver stream diagonally right. 2. In red a double-curled, right-facing, silver lion. 3. A tree with rich foliage on green ground in silver. 4. In blue, three golden stars arranged diagonally one below the other. There are three crowned helmets above the shield. From the right one protrudes four blue ostrich feathers, covered with the silver diagonal right bar, from the middle one is an open golden flight, in between the figure of the heart shield can be seen and from the left the lion grows up from the shield. The blankets are blue-silver on the right, blue-gold in the middle and red-silver on the left.


Emanuel TurczynskiSchmück, Franz Frh. Von (1797–1862), civil servant and politician. In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 10, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1994, ISBN 3-7001-2186-5 , p. 346 f. (Direct links on p. 346 , p. 347 ).

  • Emanuel Michael Freiherr von Kapri: "Buchenland - An Austrian Crown Land of Different Ethnic Groups", self-published by the Landsmannschaft der Buchenlanddeutsche eV, Munich 1974
  • JF Schmidt (Ed.): "Monograph of the Imperial and Royal Bohemian Appeal Court", Gerazek Publishing House, Prague 1850,
  • Hermann Sternberg: "On the history of the Jews in Bukowina". In: Hugo Gold (ed.): “History of the Jews in Bukowina”, Volume 1, Edition Olamenu, Tel Aviv 1958, pp. 75 ff.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Emanuel TurczynskiSchmück, Franz Frh. Von (1797–1862), civil servant and politician. In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 10, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1994, ISBN 3-7001-2186-5 , p. 346 f. (Direct links on p. 346 , p. 347 ).
  2. a b Brünner Zeitung No. 131, from June 1, 1862, in the features section
  3. Archive link ( Memento of the original from May 28, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. Hugo Gold: "History of the Jews in Bukowina", Edition Olamenu, Tel Aviv 1958, p. 48
  5. Wiener Zeitung No. 138, from June 17, 1862, p. 577: “Franz Freiherr v. Schmück ", necrology by Dr. Franz
  6. a b Dr. Heinrich Kadich, and Pastor Conrad Blaźek: "Der Moravian Adel", in Siebmacher's large book of arms, 4th volume, 10th section, Verlag Bauer & Raspe, Nuremberg 1899, p. 275, T. 195
  7. Gothaisches genealogical pocket book of the baronial houses, Volume 13, Verlag Justus Perthes, Gotha 1863, p. 1106