Friedrich Busse (shipowner)
Johann Friedrich Christian Busse , until 1872: Friedrich Oppermann-Busse (* May 24, 1835 in Sibbesse ; † December 31, 1898 in Geestemünde ) was a German ship's carpenter and fisherman , later he became a shipowner and the founder of German deep-sea fishing .
At the age of 14 Busse learned the trade of a ship's carpenter at the Rickmers shipyard in Geestemünde (today: Bremerhaven), worked as a journeyman at the Tecklenborg shipyard and then went to sea. After he settled in Geestemünde in 1866 as a fishmonger, he opened a fish wholesaler in 1868.
He recognized the importance of a large sales area and a continuous supply of fresh fish. He used the Bremen – Geestemünde railway line, which was only opened in 1862, for shipping fish and negotiated an exclusive purchase right for their catch with individual fishermen in Finkenwerder .
Together with his business partner, the fishmonger Bade, he initially chartered 17 Dutch fishing vessels, but since the cutters were too weather-dependent, Busse finally slacked the sagitta (lat. 'Arrow') at the Wencke shipyard in Bremerhaven in 1884 for 111,000 marks build on the model of English fish steamers. In January 1885, the Deutsche Fischerei-Zeitung reported on this first German steam-powered fishing vessel.
The sagitta was 33 meters long and had a speed of over ten knots . She could pick up 20 quintals of fish per trip with trawls . The Sagitta did not return from its departure on March 27, 1901 : it was last sighted near Iceland in early April . There she fell victim to a storm that occurred a few days later with the entire team.
With the commissioning of the Sagitta , the founding of his F. Busse & Co. KG and the combination of fishing, shipping and trading in fish, Busse laid the foundation for modern deep-sea fishing in 1885. In 1888 he had his second fish steamer, President Herwig, built.
In 1894/95 he had the large Villa Busse built, which was surrounded by a park. The machine builder Conrad Schlotterhose acquired the villa in 1920 and built his fish processing machine factory on the site in 1937/38. In 2002 the house was renovated and a restaurant was set up.
Busse died after an operation. He was buried in the family grave in the Bremerhaven cemetery in Wulsdorf .
- In 1936, the street Am Deich , lived on the buses at the Geeste-shore, in Bussestraße renamed
- The Busse memorial at the Alte Geestebrücke was also inaugurated in 1936
- In his birthplace Sibbesse there is now the Friedrich-Busse-School (elementary school)
- The house where he was born still exists on Lange Halbe Street in Sibbesse. There is also a memorial plaque attached.
- HJ Heise, B. Langensiepen, E. Hoffmann: F. Busse . In: Nautilus . Vol. 2, No. 6 December 1974, pp. 320-344 .
- Herbert Black Forest : The Great Bremen Lexicon . 2nd, updated, revised and expanded edition. Edition Temmen, Bremen 2003, ISBN 3-86108-693-X .
- Benno Eide Siebs : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 3, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1957, ISBN 3-428-00184-2 , p. 75 ( ).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Busse, Johann Friedrich Christian (full name); Oppermann-Busse, Friedrich|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German shipowner and fishmonger|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 24, 1835|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Sibbesse , Hildesheim district , Lower Saxony|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 31, 1898|
|Place of death||Geestemünde, today Bremerhaven|