A vehicle command is as vocal signal by the driver of of horses or oxen -drawn wagon plant used to the draft animal Start communicate, stop and direction of pull. The same applies to plowing and harrowing with carts of oxen in agriculture and for pack animals . The transport teams were not always uniform. Such commands are less needed when riding , as the mount is usually influenced by weight, thigh and rein aids .
Huh , often huh , hüa , hüja , hüschd , hopp , oops , go or march is a call to a draft animal with the meaning “forward”, “let's go”. Often the caller clicks his tongue. The pure tuning aid is mostly used with workhorses, i.e. when plowing or backing wood.
In driving , the leashes are briefly accepted to start off (preparation, draw attention) and then the leashes are given in again and the horse can start. While giving way, the tuning aid can be used for reinforcement. If necessary, a propelling whip aid can also be used. The propelling whip aid is given in German driving lessons by putting the whip cord behind the comb lid .
When riding , the voice aid is used as an aid , especially for young horses as long as they do not yet understand the correct use of aids . The break-in begins with half a parade to raise awareness. Simultaneously with the tuning aid, the cross is then tensed, pressure on both sides of the thighs is exerted and a yielding rein aid is given so that the horse can start. After several repetitions, the young horse learns to pay attention to the rider's aids and no longer needs the voice aid.
The order to stop is brr , pulling the reins in and pulling the horse's neck back slightly. In Bavaria, öha is also used.
In western riding , the command "Whoa" is given together with weight aids for the sliding stop .
Cough and Hott
The command to turn left is har , cough , jüst , hist or wist . The command for clockwise is hott . The direction commands are particularly valuable when moving wood and plowing, if the carter walking on foot has only one line ( plucking or pushing reins in Bavaria ) because he needs the other hand to work.
Expression: say hü, sometimes hott
Truck commands are one of the few interjections that are not directed at humans but at animals (horses, oxen). In today's everyday language, these commands are mainly used in the idiom sometimes to say hü, sometimes to say hott , with the meaning " say this way today and exactly the opposite tomorrow" (literally: "sometimes to the left, sometimes to the right"). In this case, Hü is an abbreviation of cough (left).
Children's language: Hottehüh
In addition, the commands hott (right) and hü (forward) can be found in the child-language expression Hottehüh for "horse".
In other languages
In English, the commands “gee” (right) and “haw” (left) are typically used for draft animals and sled dogs. Special commands are used for European circus elephants, e.g. B. "rangu" (raise your trunk!). Different commands are used for Asian working elephants.
- hü. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 10 : H, I, J - (IV, 2nd division). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1877 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- Christian Lamparter: The driving apprenticeship . FN Verlag, 1991, ISBN 3-88542-503-3
- Basics of riding , Pferdewissen.ch
- Ingrid Klimke , Reiner Klimke : Basic training of young riding horses: From foal training to the first tournament start . Franckh Kosmos Verlag, 2012, ISBN 3-440-12483-5
- brr. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 2 : Beer murderer – D - (II). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1860 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- har. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 10 : H, I, J - (IV, 2nd division). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1877 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- cough. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 10 : H, I, J - (IV, 2nd division). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1877 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- hott. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 10 : H, I, J - (IV, 2nd division). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1877 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- Crusade Against Crusades . In: Der Spiegel . No. 14 , 1953 ( online ).
- Video about the plucking
- Video on plucking with the use of direction commands
- Klaus Zeeb: How to train animals in the circus. Georg Thieme Verlag, 2001, ISBN 978-3-7773-1937-7 , p. 50 ( limited preview in Google book search).
- klick-thailand.de ( Memento of the original from May 8, 2015 in the Internet Archive ; PDF) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.