Gabrielle Buffet-Picabia

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Gabrielle Buffet-Picabia , née Gabrielle Buffet , (born November 21, 1881 in Fontainebleau , † December 7, 1985 in Paris ) was a French musician , art critic and writer associated with Dadaism . She was the first wife of the painter Francis Picabia .


Gabrielle Buffet was the daughter of Alphée Buffet and his wife Laure Hugueteau de Chaillé. She studied music at the Schola Cantorum in Paris with Vincent d'Indy , later in Berlin with Ferruccio Busoni . In January 1909 she married the painter Francis Picabia , and her influence inspired him to compose his paintings like pieces of music. In Zurich they met Hans Arp and Tristan Tzara . In October 1912 her family were in the house in Étival beside her husband Guillaume Apollinaire and Marcel Duchamp guest. Apollinaire finished his poem Zone there , which is the cycle of poemsAlcools initiates. Duchamp created a preliminary stage for his work La Mariée mise à nu par ses célibataires, même . As a result of the meeting, the book of essays on cubism , Les peintres cubistes , was written by Apollinaire and financed by Picabia.

The marriage to Francis Picabia, who had four children, was divorced in 1930. From 1941, during the Second World War , she was a member of the Resistance in Paris alongside Samuel Beckett , Mary Reynolds , Suzanne Picabia and others .

Gabrielle Buffet-Picabia died in Paris at the age of 104.

Publications (selection)

  • Impressionistic musical . In: La Section d'Or , No. 1, October 9, 1912
  • Modern art and the public . In: Camera Work , June 1913
  • Musique d'aujourd'hui . In: Les Soirées de Paris , No. 22, March 1914
  • Jean Arp , essay. In: L'Art abstrait , Presses littéraires de France, 1952
  • Aires abstraites . Pierre Cailler Éditeur, Geneva 1957 (preface by Jean Arp)
  • Picabia, l'inventeur . In: L'Œil , No. 18, June 1956
  • DADA. Founder's seals. Dada poems by Andre Breton, Gabrielle Buffet, F. Hardekopf, Emmy Hennings, J. van Hoddis, R. Huelsenbeck, Marcel Janco, W. Kandinsky, Francis Picabia, Walter Serner, Ph. Soupault, Tristan Tzara. Peter Schifferli Verlags AG Die Arche, Zurich 1957
Via Gabrielle Buffet-Picabia
  • Rencontres avec Picabia, Apollinaire, Cravan, Duchamp, Arp, Calder . P. Belfond, Paris 1977, ISBN 2-7144-1113-4 .
  • Claire and Anne Berest: Gabriële , Collection: La Bleue. Stock, Paris 2017, ISBN 978-2-234-08032-4


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Life data on, accessed on December 7, 2014
  2. Quoted after the web link
  3. Beverly Calte: Francis Picabia ,, accessed December 7, 2014
  4. Mary Reynolds ( Memento of the original from May 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. ,, accessed December 9, 2014 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /