The Galtera near Freiburg
|Water code||CH : 1548|
|location||Canton of Friborg ; Switzerland|
|Drain over||Saane → Aare → Rhine → North Sea|
|Headwaters||in the foothills of the Alps near Oberschrot , on the slope of the Oberholz
|muzzle||opposite the old town of Freiburg in the Saane
|Height difference||approx. 465 m|
|Bottom slope||approx. 27 ‰|
|length||approx. 17 km|
The Galtera , partly also Galternbach , called Gottéron in French , is an approximately 17 km long right tributary of the Saane ( Sarine in French ) in the Swiss canton of Friborg . It drains a section of the higher Freiburg Central Plateau and belongs to the catchment area of the Rhine .
The headwaters of the Galtera are located at around Plaffeien , on the slope of the Oberholz (district Oberschrot ). As a small trickle, the stream initially flows north and reaches a wide valley basin south of Alterswil . Here the Galtera draws an arc and turns to the west. At Alterswil it gradually begins to deepen into the surroundings, but for the time being it still has a 100 to 200 m wide flat valley floor in which it moves with many short meanders .in the foothills of the Alps on the municipality of
At Ameismühle south of Tafers the Galtera joins the Tasbergbach coming from the south , its most important tributary . Then it flows through the Galterengraben , a 3 km long gorge cut up to 100 m into the surrounding high plateaus, the flanks of which are formed by steep slopes with sandstone cliffs . Shortly before it flows into the Saane, the Gottéron Bridge spans the Galtera valley. At the Galtera flows into the Saane opposite the old town of Freiburg . In the middle and lower reaches the brook has a mean gradient of 2%.
Large sections of the Galtera are still in their natural or near-natural state. The Galtera is characterized by a pluvial runoff regime . In the past, their water power was used in various places to operate mills and sawmills. At the confluence of the Galtera with the Saane , the city of Freiburg built a bridgehead in the Middle Ages . Walks, mills, saws, hammer and grinding mills settled along the lowest section of the river, so that this quarter developed into a real industrial zone of what was then Freiburg.
The Galtern Gorge, through which a hiking trail leads today, is worth visiting. The Friborg-Gottéron ice hockey club is named after the French name of the river.