Godefroi, comte d'Estrades

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Godefroi d'Estrades

Godefroi, comte d'Estrades (* 1607 in Agen ; † February 26, 1686 in Paris ), was a French diplomat , Maréchal de France , mayor of Bordeaux for life and viceroy of New France .


He was the son of François d'Estrades, Maréchal de camp under King Henri IV , and the brother of Jean d'Estrades, who became Bishop of Condom in 1648 .

He became a page under Louis XIII. After the fighting under Moritz von Oranien-Nassau he was awarded the Ordre de Saint-Michel at the age of 19 . In the French Army under the command of Jean Louis de Nogaret de La Valette , he was promoted to Maréchal de camp. He was able to distinguish himself in Catalonia in 1651 and received important assignments in Germany, the Netherlands, in the Duchy of Savoy and in England.

On April 26, 1637 he married Marie de Lallier du Pin, with whom he had five children.

In 1650 he became governor of the Dunkirk fortress and replaced the previous commander, the Maréchal de France Josias Rantzau .

In 1653 he was appointed lieutenant-général and lifelong mayor of Bordeaux by Cardinal Mazarin .

After the Battle of the Dunes in 1658 he had to hand over Dunkirk to the English as agreed.

In 1662, as ambassador in London, in negotiations with King Charles II , he was able to surrender Dunkirk to Louis XIV.

When the new Swedish ambassador arrived in London, the French delegation under d'Estrades and the Spanish under Ambassador Baron de Watteville fought for the right of way at the reception, which ultimately degenerated into a turmoil in which several dead and wounded remained. After the Spaniards were generally declared the victors in the matter, the French king called the Spanish ambassador to France and threatened to declare war if the guilty were not punished. De Watteville was then recalled.

Marshal d'Estrades

As ambassador to the Netherlands, he signed the Breda peace with Denmark in 1667 . He then accompanied Louis XIV during the conquest of the Netherlands and took part in the siege of Maastricht . After the capture of Liege in 1675, he was appointed Marshal of France.

In 1678 he was one of the agents in the negotiation of the Peace of Nijmegen .

  • His eldest son Louis married Charlotte Thérèse de Rune, dame de Fouquesolle. He also became governor of Dunkirk and life mayor of Bordeaux.
  • His other son, Jean-François, became abbot in Moissac and Notre-Dame-en-Saint-Melaine , then ambassador in Venice and in the Piémont .


  1. Michel Vergé-Franceschi: Le Masque de fer. Fayard, 2009, p. 192


  • Jean Lacoste: Un Agenais Illustrious. Le comte d'Estrades. In: Revue de l'Agenais et des anciennes provinces du Sud-Ouest. Volume 2, 1875, pp. 481-514 ( digitized on Gallica ).
  • Jean Lacoste: Un Agenais Illustrious. Le comte d'Estrades. Deuxième et dernière partie. In: Revue de l'Agenais et des anciennes provinces du Sud-Ouest. Volume 3, 1876, p. 51 ( digitized on Gallica ).
  • Philippe Lauzun: Le maréchal d'Estrades. In: Revue de l'Agenais et des anciennes provinces du Sud-Ouest. 1896, Volume 23, pp. 289-305 ( digitized on Gallica ).
  • J.-N. Labat: Les illustres agenais. Godefroy d'Estrades. In: Recueil des Travaux de la Société d'agriculture, sciences et art d'Agen. Volume 9, 1858-1859, pp. 71-96 ( limited preview in Google book search).

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