Guido Bagier

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Guido Rudolf Georg Bagier (born June 20, 1888 in Berlin ; † January 24, 1967 in Mainz ) was a German sound engineer , film director , film producer , writer and film composer . He was a pioneer in the development of sound film in Germany .


After completing his doctorate , Bagier appeared as a book author before the outbreak of World War I and published a number of writings such as 'Herbart and the music: with special consideration of the relationships to aesthetics and psychology' (1911). At the beginning of the 1920s, Bagier appeared as editor of the Weimarer Feuer-Verlag publication 'Feuer. Monthly for Art and Artistic Culture 'in appearance. In 1923 he published a paperback essay on Max Reger .

At the same time, Guido Bagier began to turn increasingly to film and tried to gradually overcome its silent character: in 1923 he wrote two cinema compositions, and in 1925 he directed the one-act play " The Girl with the Sulfur Woods ", the first (still short) German sound film Cinema history. However, the UFA production made according to the Tri-Ergon process was a commercial failure due to the considerable technical deficiencies. At the beginning of 1928, Bagier commented on the future of cinematography, paying special attention to tone, color and three-dimensionality, in the text 'The Coming Film'. In the autumn of the same year, Bagier made another attempt to usher in the age of talkies in Germany. For Tobis -Industrie GmbH and the Tonbild-Syndikat (also part of the Tobis Group) he produced three short feature films directed by Frank Clifford in October / November 1928 , followed by Tobis’s own light and film in winter 1928/1929 Full-length, semi-documentary feature film Melodie der Welt by Walter Ruttmann produced by the needle tone process . Guido Bagier was also involved in the creation of the first 100 percent German sound film, You have I loved , as a Tobis sound specialist. There, as with the third 100 percent sound film from 1929, Carl Froelich's The Night Belongs to Us , and Bagier took over the direction of sound production for a number of other early sound films from 1930.

As early as 1931 he largely lost interest in feature films, but returned in 1933/34 for the production of several Tofa entertainment films. In 1936 Bagier largely ended his film activity, allegedly because he was no longer well-liked in the Third Reich. He temporarily withdrew to Austria , but was allowed to continue to publish (for example the volume 'Das tönende Licht. The description of some strange events since the invention of cinematography, using important and unknown documents', published in 1943). In November 1947, Guido Bagier was involved in founding the Österreichische Filmgesellschaft mbH (ÖFA). From the following period only his participation in the production of the Beethoven film Eroica is documented, after which he largely withdrew into private life.

The Bagier estate has been kept in the Filmmuseum Düsseldorf since 2001 . Guido Bagier's adopted son was the film editor Wolfgang Loe Bagier .


  • 1923: Tatjana (music)
  • 1923: The Lost Shoe (music)
  • 1925: The girl with the sulfur sticks (short film, direction, production management, music)
  • 1928: Your is my heart (short film, production)
  • 1928: The Last Song (short film, production)
  • 1928: Paganini in Venice (short film, production)
  • 1929: Melodie der Welt (head of sound production)
  • 1929: The favorite of Schönbrunn (head of sound production)
  • 1929: Disturbed Serenade (short film)
  • 1929: I loved you (sound production manager)
  • 1929: The night is ours (sound production manager)
  • 1930: Western Front 1918 (direction of setting)
  • 1930: The song is out (head of sound production)
  • 1930: The King of Paris (head of clay production)
  • 1930: Dreyfus (head of clay production)
  • 1930: Eva scandal (head of sound production)
  • 1931: Sounding Wave (short experimental film, production management)
  • 1932: Peter and Billy - The Comradeship marriage (co-production management)
  • 1933: Little girl - great happiness (production)
  • 1933: The Grand Duke's finances (production)
  • 1934: mother and child
  • 1934: I sing myself into your heart (production)
  • 1934: Peer Gynt (production)
  • 1934: Mr. Kobin goes on an adventure (production)
  • 1935: Sun and snow over Germany (short documentary, production)
  • 1936: The bat scandal (production)
  • 1949: Eroica (production)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Essay The Coming Film in the Film-Kurier
  2. ^ Bagier estate in the Filmmuseum Düsseldorf