Guttin (desert)

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Guttin (desert)
Community Süderholz
Coordinates: 54 ° 6 ′ 50 ″  N , 13 ° 12 ′ 40 ″  E
Height : 4 m above sea level NN
Guttin (desert) (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
Guttin (desert)

Location of Guttin (desert) in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

Guttin is a desert in the municipality of Süderholz in the south of the Vorpommern-Rügen district . The desert consists of the settlement desert and the Guttin castle wall . The soil monument belongs to the field mark of the Willershusen district.

Willershusen with Guttin deserted area at the top right around 1880
Guttin castle wall, detail with contour lines, on the right the settlement in the Dreiblattwiese


The desert is 11 km east of Grimmen , 11.5 km northwest of Greifswald and 24 km southeast of Stralsund . The Ryck flows through the area and is fed by several trenches that also surround the desert. The desert lies on a low area with -1.1 to 3.8 m above sea level.


The castle wall of Guttin is dated to the late Bronze Age (1200 to 600 BC) and the Iron Age (600 BC to 600) due to the more numerous finds. These castles are rather rare in this area. It can be assumed that the ramparts continued to be used in Slavic times (600 to 1200), although finds are the exception here. The castle wall is still distinctive today and, although overgrown by the forest, is well preserved.

The settlement next to the castle was assigned to the Slav period. This also agrees with the documents from this transition period from the Slavic phase to the early German (1230 to 1400) settlement.

In 1209, Prince Jaromar I of Rügen gave the Eldena monastery a described area to the north of the Ryck. In the descriptions "Guttin" and " Guardsman " were given by their real names. In November 1221, Barnuta confirmed the transfers of ownership to the Eldena monastery made by his father Jaromar I. Guttin was called "castrum Gutyn" . Duke Wartislaw III. von Pomerania confirmed the ownership of the Eldena monastery in November 1248 and renounced the titles he had received through succession beyond the Ryck. The document mentioned: "castri Guttyn" and "loco Guttyn" , meaning both the castle and the town of Guttin. In October 1249 Werner von Gadebusch compared himself with the Eldena monastery because of the villages he had illegally taken away from him. An area was outlined in which "Guttin" was again called. Dobislaw, Herr zu Gristow, returned the village of Leist , which he had illegally occupied, to the monastery in November 1249 and renounced all claims to the monastery property that his father Barnuta and his grandfather Jaromar I had given the monastery. The castle Guttin was called "castro Guttin" . Pope Innocent IV confirmed the properties and other rights of the Eldena monastery and named "Gutin" in the document of October 13, 1250 . On December 10, 1281, Duke Bogislaw IV again confirmed his possessions to the monastery and named "Gutin" in the document . The city of Greifswald compared itself on January 7, 1304 with the Eldena monastery because of the Boltenhagen fish ponds and their tributary of the Ryck with its tributaries at "Gutyn" .



Individual evidence

  1. Joachim Herrmann and Peter Donat : Corpus of archaeological sources on the early history of the GDR (7th to 12th centuries). Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1979.
  2. ^ Pommersches Urkundenbuch (PUB), Volume 1, Part 1, 1868, No. 148, p. 115.
  3. ^ Pommersches Urkundenbuch (PUB), Volume 1, Part 1, 1868, No. 207, p. 156.
  4. Pommersches Urkundenbuch (PUB), Volume 1, Part 1, 1868, No. 478, pp. 372/373.
  5. ^ Pommersches Urkundenbuch (PUB), Volume 1, Part 1, 1868, No. 500, p. 392.
  6. ^ Pommersches Urkundenbuch (PUB), Volume 1, Part 1, 1868, No. 501, p. 393.
  7. ^ Pommersches Urkundenbuch (PUB), Volume 1, Part 1, 1868, No. 523, p. 405.
  8. ^ Pommersches Urkundenbuch (PUB), Volume 2, Part 2, 1885, No. 1221, pp. 462/463.
  9. ^ Pommersches Urkundenbuch (PUB), Volume 4, Part 1, 1903, No. 2138, p. 119.

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