Hans Lullies

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Hans Lullies (born August 31, 1898 in Königsberg in Pr. , † August 5, 1982 in Berlin ) was a German physiologist and university professor .


Lullies was born in Königsberg in 1898 as the son of a teacher. After taking his secondary school diploma in his hometown in 1915 , he was drafted and had to serve in the First World War until 1917 . Due to a severe wound, however, he was able to start studying medicine before the end of the war and studied in Königsberg, Berlin, Greifswald and Munich until 1922 . In 1922 he was with the dissertation The circulation in the veins of the eye to the Dr. med. PhD and then worked as an assistant to Otto Weiss at the Physiological Institute in Königsberg. He received his habilitation three years laterand got the license to teach physiology. He then taught as a private lecturer in Königsberg until he was appointed associate professor in 1932. In 1935 he was appointed to the chair of physiology at the Medical Faculty of the University of Cologne , where he was also director of the Physiological Institute and at times also dean . After rejecting calls to Münster, Gießen, Leipzig and Königsberg, he went to the University of Strasbourg in 1941 and was also the dean of the medical faculty there. In 1944 he was called up for military service and fought until his capture in World War II .

At the time of National Socialism , he had been a member of the NSDAP since 1937 and was also a member of the SA and the NS teachers' association.

After his return he worked from 1946 as a lecturer in Marburg and in the Boehringer company. In April 1948, he was appointed full professor of physiology at the newly founded University of Saarland . He became the founding dean of the medical faculty. In the following years he devoted himself to building up the faculty in Homburg. In November 1953 Lullies returned to the University of Cologne, where he succeeded Rudolf Höber . He worked there until his retirement in 1966.

His brother was the art historian Reinhard Lullies .

Research priorities

At the beginning of his activity, Lullies mainly researched questions of muscle and nerve physiology. The measurements of the polarization of the muscle and nerve membranes, which he began, were later continued by Alan Lloyd Hodgkin , Andrew Fielding Huxley and John Carew Eccles . For this they received the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1963. Lullies also published papers on respiratory, voice and speech physiology. The first X-ray cinematographic representation of the living bronchial tree comes from him.


  • with L. Gulkowitsch: Contributions to the theory of fluid change in the eye . German Publishing Society for Politics and History, Berlin, 1924
  • Physiology of voice and language . Springer Verlag, Berlin / Göttingen / Heidelberg 1953
  • Paperback of Physiology . 3 volumes, Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 1968–1973



  • Klaus Bürger: Lullies, Hans . In: Old Prussian Biography , Vol. IV, 3, Marburg / Lahn 1995, p. 1436

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Ernst Klee : The dictionary of persons on the Third Reich . Frankfurt am Main 2007, p. 384
  2. ^ Entry on Lullies in the culture portal West / Ost, accessed on February 2, 2017