Henri Maspero

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Henri Maspero (born December 15, 1883 in Paris , † March 17, 1945 in Buchenwald concentration camp ) was a French sinologist .


Henri Maspero was the son of the Egyptologist Gaston Maspero . After initial research with his father in Egypt , he returned to France and studied law and with Édouard Chavannes Chinese and other languages ​​of East Asia.

In 1908 he began to work for the branch of the École Française d'Extrême-Orient in Hanoi and from then on dealt with the languages ​​and customs of the peoples of the Southeast Asian peninsula ( Indochina ).

In 1918 he took over the chair for Sinology at the Collège de France , as successor to his teacher Édouard Chavannes. His new research focus was Daoism , on which he published a first short article in 1922. In 1927 he published La Chine Antique , a standard work on the history, literature and philosophy of ancient China.

In the 1930s, Henri Maspero published countless studies on the religion, law, and economic history of China. He took over the chair of Sinology at the Sorbonne from Marcel Granet and was director of the Department of Religions of China at the École Pratique des Hautes Études . Since 1935 he was a full member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres .

In July 1944, Henri Maspero was arrested by the Germans "on suspicion of terrorist activities" and deported to Buchenwald.

Henri Maspero died on March 17, 1945 - shortly before the liberation - in the Buchenwald concentration camp of exhaustion. The only German professor of Sinology who was not a member of the NSDAP at the time, Erich Haenisch from the Friedrich Wilhelm University in Berlin, had unsuccessfully campaigned for his release.

Henri Maspero's successors in Paris were Max Kaltenmark and Kristofer Schipper .


  • Le protectorat général d'Annam sous les Tang , in BEFEO 10, 1910, 539–551
  • Contribution à l'étude du système phonétique des langues thai , in BEFEO 11, 1911, 153–169.
  • Études sur la phonétique historique de la langue annamite: les initiales , in BEFEO 12, 1912, 1–126.
  • Études d'histoire d'Annam , in BEFEO 16, 1916, 1-55 and 18, 1918, 1-36.
  • Le dialecte de Tch'ang-ngan sous les T'ang (1920)
  • Legends mythologiques dans le Chou king , in Journal asiatique 1924
  • La Chine antique , Paris 1927 ( Histoire du monde )
  • Mythology de la Chine modern . Mythologie asiatique illustrée, Paris 1928
  • Prefixes et dérivation en chinois archaïque (1930)
  • Mélanges posthumes sur les religions et l'histoire de la Chine , vol. 1: Les religions chinoises , vol. 2: Le taoïsme , vol. 3: Études historiques , Paris 1950.
  • Les institutions de la Chine , Paris 1952.
  • Le Taoïsme et les Religions chinoises , Paris 1950
  • Les documents chinois de la troisième expédition de Sir Aurel Stein en Asie centrale , London 1953.
  • Histoire et institutions de la Chine ancienne des origines au XIIe siècle après J.-C. , Paris 1967.
  • Le taoïsme et les religions chinoises , Paris 1971


  • Jeannine Auboyer: Henri Maspero (1883-1945). In Artibus Asiae . 10, 1, 1947, pp. 61-64.
  • "Nécrologue Henri Maspero", Journal asiatique . Tome CCXXXIV, Années 1943-1945. Paris 1947, pp. 245-280
  • Homage to Henri Maspero. Foundation Singer-Polignac. Paris 1984 ("Hommages rendus à l'éminent sinologue Henri Maspero ... lors de la cérémonie commémorative du centenaire de sa naissance, tenu au Collège de France le samedi 5 November 1983.")

Web links