Erich Haenisch

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Erich Haenisch (born August 27, 1880 in Berlin , † December 21, 1966 in Stuttgart ) was a German sinologist , Mongolist and Manchurian . He was a student of Wilhelm Grube .


At the University of Berlin , Erich Haenisch was a private lecturer from 1913, and an associate professor from 1920; from 1925 he taught briefly at the University of Göttingen , but moved to the University of Leipzig in the same year . From 1932 he returned to the University of Berlin as a professor of Sinology. At the same time, he was Professor of East Asian Culture and Linguistics in Munich from 1927 to 1951. Haenisch had extensive international contacts and was also an academic teacher of foreign sinologists such as the American George Kennedy .

His " Course in Classical Chinese Written Language" has long been the authoritative textbook in German-speaking countries. A pioneering work is his translation and explanation of the Secret History of the Mongols : from a Mongolian transcript from the year 1240 from the island of Kode'e in the Keluren River . In 1937 Haenisch had edited the original text, Manghol un niuca tobca'an , for which he published a dictionary in 1939 and submitted the first translation in 1940.

Haenisch was the only German sinologist who advocated the release of the French sinologist Henri Maspero from the Buchenwald concentration camp . Maspero and his wife were arrested by the Gestapo on July 26, 1944 because his son was active in the Resistance. Since his colleagues did not support him, these requests were unsuccessful, and Maspero died of exhaustion on March 17, 1945 in Buchenwald. Maspero's wife was freed by the Soviet army in Pomerania.

Since 1930 he was a member of the Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig . In 1942 he was accepted as a full member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences . After the Second World War he was a member of the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin until 1966 . In 1955 he became a corresponding member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences .

Haenisch was married to a granddaughter of the local historian Theodor Zechlin and a cousin of the Prussian minister of education and district president of Wiesbaden Konrad Haenisch . The Japanologist and library director Wolf Haenisch was his son.


Publications (selection)

  • The Secret History of the Mongols. From a Mongolian record from 1240 from the island of Kode'e in the Keluren River . Leipzig: Harrassowitz Verlag, 1948
  • The four-lingual founding inscription of the An-yüan-miao temple in Jehol from 1765 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences and Literature. Humanities and Social Sciences Class. Born 1950, Volume 15). Verlag der Wissenschaft und der Literatur in Mainz (commissioned by Franz Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden).
  • Sino-Mongolian documents from the end of the 14th century . Berlin: Akademie-Verlag 1952
  • Mongolica from the Berlin Turfan Collection. Yes Friedrich Weller : On the block print fragments of the Mongolian Bodhicaryavatara of the Berlin Turfan Collection . Treatises of the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin . Language, Literature and Art Class. Born in 1954 No. 2. Akademie-Verlag Berlin 1955
  • Manchu grammar. With reading pieces and 23 text panels . Leipzig: VEB Verlag Encyclopedia, 1961
  • Classical Chinese written language course. Study edition: Volumes I and II - 3rd, unchanged. Aufl. Leipzig: Verlag Enzyklopädie, 1988. ISBN 3-324-00097-1
  • Classical Chinese written language course. Study edition: Volumes III and IV - 2nd, unchanged. Aufl. Leipzig: Verlag Enzyklopädie, 1988. ISBN 3-324-00020-3


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Sinological Profiles: Erich Haenisch. University of Massachusetts, June 9, 2004, accessed November 25, 2019 .
  2. ^ Members of the previous academies. Axel Erich Haenisch. Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities , accessed on March 31, 2015 .
  3. ^ Wolfgang Hofmann:  Haenisch, Konrad. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 7, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1966, ISBN 3-428-00188-5 , pp. 442-444 ( digitized version ).