Hermann Collitz

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Hermann Collitz (born February 4, 1855 in Bleckede ; † May 13, 1935 in Baltimore ) was an American linguist of German origin who was particularly concerned with Greek and German dialectology .


Hermann Collitz, the son of a farmer, attended the Johanneum Lüneburg until 1875 and then studied Classical Philology , German and Comparative Linguistics at the Georg-August University in Göttingen . In 1878 he was in August Fick with a thesis on the origin of the Indo-Iranian Palatalreihe doctorate and was a State grant his studies in Berlin continue. At that time, Collitz also came into contact with the Göttingen linguist Friedrich Bechtel , with whom he had a long friendship until the end of his life.

In 1883 Collitz received a trainee position at the University Library in Halle . In 1884 he was employed as a research assistant . In 1885 he qualified as a professor at the University of Halle with the writing Die Flexion der Nomina with three-fold stem gradation in ancient Indian and in Greek - the case of the singular . He received the venia legendi for the subjects of German Philology, Sanskrit and Comparative Linguistics.

In 1886 Collitz emigrated to the United States, where he lectured and researched at Bryn Mawr College . In 1907 he moved to the Johns Hopkins University to the chair of German Philology ( retired in 1928 ). From 1924 to 1925 he was president of the newly formed Linguistic Society of America . Since 1902 he was an elected member of the American Philosophical Society .

Collitz was particularly concerned with the dialectology of Greek and German. In addition to dictionaries and treatises on German dialects, he and Friedrich Bechtel edited the standard work Collection of Greek Dialect Inscriptions (Göttingen 1884–1915).

Collitz had been married to Klara Hechtenberg (1863-1944), who also worked as a German researcher and lecturer, since 1904 . After his death, the Hermann and Klara H. Collitz Professorship for Comparative Philology was established at Stanford University at her request .


  • Studies in honor of Hermann Collitz, Professor of Germanic Philology, Emeritus, in the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland . Baltimore 1930. Reprinted 1969, ISBN 9780836911961
  • Eduard Prokosch : Hermann Collitz in Memoriam . In: The Journal of English and Germanic Philology , Volume 35 (1936), pp. 454-457
  • Edward H. Sehrt: Hermann Collitz 1855–1935 . In: Modern Language Notes , Volume 51 (1936), pp. 69-80
  • Thomas D. Thornton: Collitz, Hermann . In: Christoph König (Ed.), With the assistance of Birgit Wägenbaur u. a .: Internationales Germanistenlexikon 1800–1950 . Volume 1: A-G. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2003, ISBN 3-11-015485-4 , pp. 338-340.

Web links

Wikisource: Hermann Collitz  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Member History: Hermann Collitz. American Philosophical Society, accessed June 25, 2018 .