Eduard Prokosch

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Eduard Prokosch (born May 15, 1876 in Eger , Bohemia , † August 11, 1938 in New Haven , USA , in a car accident) was a German-American linguist .


Prokosch, son of the then director of the citizen school in Eger Wenzel Prokosch and his wife Marie, b. Fischer, attended grammar school in Eger, today's Cheb , studied law and German at the Karl Ferdinand University in Prague, the universities in Vienna, Chicago, Heidelberg and Leipzig until 1897 and became a Dr. phil. at the University of Leipzig . During his stay in the USA in 1898, he was secretary in the Vice Consulate of Austria in Milwaukee .

From 1901 to 1904 Eduard Prokosch taught German at the University of Chicago , from 1905 to 1913 at the University of Wisconsin – Madison , from 1913 to 1919 at the University of Texas , where he was dismissed in the summer of 1919 on charges of German propaganda 1919 to 1928 at Bryn Mawr College and from 1927 to 1929 at New York University , finally from 1930 as Sterling Professor of Germanic Languages at Yale University , where he was appointed professor in 1929 .

As a monotype setter for the University of Chicago Press , he set a self-written Russian grammar, was head of the German department at New York University in 1927 and became an important specialist writer, co-founder of the Linguistics Society of America and President of the Modern Language Association America

His children, whose mother has not been recorded, were the dance teacher Gertrude Prokosch Kurath (1903–1992), the writer Frederic Prokosch (1908–1989) and the architect Walther Prokosch (1911–1991)


  • Several textbooks for the German language.
  • Russian grammar
  • European history of languages. , several volumes
  • Investigation of the relationship between rhythm and personality in Goethe's Faust.
  • Contributions to the teaching of the demonstrative pronoun in the old Germanic dialects. Karras, Halle 1906 (Leipzig, University, phil. Dissertation, 1905).
  • as translator from English: Carl Darling Buck : Elementarbuch der Oskisch-Umbrischen dialects (= Indo-European library. Department 1: Collection of Indo-European text and handbooks. Series 1: Grammars . Vol. 7, ZDB -ID 843767-1 ). Winter, Heidelberg 1905.
  • The stability of the Germanic consonant system. In: Indo-European Research. Vol. 33, 1914, ISSN  0019-7262 , pp. 377-394, doi : 10.1515 / 9783110242737.377 (currently unavailable) .
  • The Sounds and History of the German Language. Holt, New York NY 1916.
  • An outline of German historical grammar. Oxford University Press, New York NY 1933.
  • A Comparative Germanic Grammar. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA 1939 (In Russian: Э. Прокош: Сравнительная грамматика германских языков. Издательство, иностранной 195 ).