Hessian farmers' union
The Hessischer Bauernbund was a political party in the Grand Duchy of Hesse and the People's State of Hesse . He saw himself as representing the interests of the rural population and represented conservative and anti-Semitic positions.
Grand Duchy of Hesse
At the end of the 1880s, political parties were formed in various countries of the German Empire , which initially appeared as anti-Semites and later under the name of the Bauernbund . The most important representative of the anti-Semites in Hesse was Otto Böckel , who won the Marburg Reichstag mandate for the Anti-Semitic People's Party (AVP) in 1887 . In 1890 the anti-Semites also won in constituencies 2 and 3. In 1893 Otto Hirschel also won the constituency of Erbach-Bensheim.
In 1890 Böckel founded the "Central German Farmers 'Association" (from 1899 "Hessian Farmers' Union"). In 1904 the farmers' union merged with the conservative-national liberal "Bund der Landwirte" (chairman was Gustav Korell ). The name of the joint parliamentary group was now "Bauernbund (Hessian People's Party)". The parliamentary group chairman was Philipp Köhler . In 1915 the German-Völkische Party split off under Ferdinand Werner .
In the elections for the second chamber of the state estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse , the farmers' union achieved the following results:
|year||Seats in the state parliament||(Seats anti-Semites)|
In January 1919 the Hessian Farmers' Union was re-established in Friedberg. In 1927 he called himself the Hessischer Landbund. Politically, he was close to the Landbund or Reichslandbund and the DNVP .
In the elections to the Landtag of the People's State of Hesse , the farmers' union achieved the following results:
|year||List name||Share of votes||Seats|
|1921||Hessischer Bauernbund / Rheinhessische Landliste||15.1%||11 seats|
|1924||Hessian farmers' union||13.2%||9 seats|
|1927||Hessischer Bauernbund / Rheinhessische Landliste||12.7%||9 seats|
|1931||Hessian country people||2.6%||2 seats|
In the local elections in the People's State of Hesse in 1919/1920 , the province of Upper Hesse proved to be a party stronghold . In the provincial assembly there, the joint list of the Hessian People's Party and the Farmers' Union became the second strongest party.
An important representative of the party was Heinrich Leuchtgens , leader of the parliamentary group from 1925 to 1927.
- Eckhart G. Franz : Political parties in the Grand Duchy and in the People's State of Hesse. In: Dirk Berg-Schlosser, Alexander Fack, Thomas Noetzel (eds.): Parties and elections in Hesse 1946–1994. Schüren, Marburg 1994, ISBN 3-89472-087-5 , pp. 34-52, here pp. 40-43.
- Thomas Gräfe: Central German farmers' association. In: Wolfgang Benz (Hrsg.): Handbuch des Antisemitismus. Hostility to Jews in the past and present. Vol. 5: Organizations, institutions, movements. de Gruyter Saur, Berlin et al. 2012, ISBN 978-3-598-24078-2 , pp. 403-404.
- Hans Georg Ruppel, Birgit Gross: Hessian MPs 1820–1933. Biographical evidence for the estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse (2nd Chamber) and the Landtag of the People's State of Hesse (= Darmstädter Archivschriften. Vol. 5). Verlag des Historisches Verein für Hessen, Darmstadt 1980, ISBN 3-922316-14-X , pp. 22-23.