Hugo Obwegeser

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Hugo Lorenz Obwegeser (born October 21, 1920 in Hohenems , Austria ; † September 2, 2017 in Schwerzenbach , Switzerland ) was an Austrian oral surgeon and professor of oral surgery and a specialist author . He was the founder of a surgical method that works without any visible remaining scars on the face .


Obwegeser studied medicine at the University of Innsbruck and specialized in oral and maxillofacial surgery at the University of Graz . He became Director of the Clinic for Maxillofacial Surgery at the University of Zurich (UZH) and published more than 150 scientific papers on oral surgery, some of which are considered standard works .

Obwegeser was recognized worldwide as a pioneer of corrective surgery in the area of ​​jaw misalignments ( dysgnathia operations ). His achievements led to the establishment of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery (EACMFS) in the United States . In India , Obwegeser's achievements paved the way for several thousand successful treatments in the area of cleft lip and palate and craniofacial malformations .

The Hugo Obwegeser Prize , the highest award of the Swiss Society for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (SGMKG), is named after Obwegeser. Obwegeser was the bearer of the ring of honor in his native Hohenems.

He was the uncle of the physician Joachim Obwegeser.

honors and awards

Obwegeser received the following awards:

  • Elected to the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina (1979)
  • Distinguished Civilian Service Award, Department of the Army, US Government
  • Down Surgical Prize, British Association of Oral Surgeons
  • International Facial Plastic Surgery Award of the third International Symposium on Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
  • First Award for Excellence in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Texas , Southwestern Medical School
  • Medal of Honor from Semmelweis University , Budapest, Hungary
  • Honorary member of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Honorary membership of the German Society for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
  • Several honorary doctorates

Works (selection)

The US National Library of Medicine has over 90 scientific articles.

  • 1955: On the surgical technique for progeny and other lower jaw anomalies. In: German dentistry, oral and maxillofacial medicine with Zentralblatt. Organ of the German Society for Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial Medicine. 23, ISSN  0012-1010 , pp. 1-26.
  • 1962: Chirurgia del "mordex apertus". In: Revista de la Asociación Odontológica Argentina. 50, ISSN  0004-4881 , pp. 429-436.
  • 1965: Interventions on the upper jaw to correct the prognosis. In: Swiss monthly for dentistry . 75, pp. 365-371.
  • 1969: Surgical correction of small or retrodisplaced maxillae. In: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery . 43, pp. 351-362.
  • 1970: The one-step forward movement of the upper jaw and backward movement of the lower jaw to correct the extreme progeny. In: Swiss monthly for dentistry. 80, pp. 347-356.
  • 1994: Bioconvertable screws made of allogenic cortical bone for osteosynthesis following sagittal split ramus osteotomy without postoperative immobilization. In: Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery . 22, pp. 63-75.

Individual evidence

  1. a b 90 years of Hugo L. Obwegeser - a success story - Springer Professional Media, Medicine. In: Archived from the original on December 20, 2016 ; accessed on December 14, 2017 .
  2. Professor Hugo L. Obwegeser (1920–2017). In: Retrieved December 14, 2017 (Spanish).
  3. Obituary. In:, accessed on September 15, 2017.
  4. From Zurich to the whole world. In: University of Zurich, accessed December 14, 2017 .
  5. a b Honor for four well-deserved Hohenems. In: City administration Hohenems, accessed on December 14, 2017 .
  6. Kurt Vinzenz: 90 years of Hugo L. Obwegeser - a success story of modern facial surgery. In: The news portal for the dental industry, February 28, 2011, accessed on December 14, 2017 .
  7. Klaus W. Grätz: Professor Dr. Joachim Obwegeser is appointed adjunct professor. In: May 30, 2012. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  8. Obwegeser, Hugo L., MD - University Honors. In: Accessed December 14, 2017 .
  9. Member entry by Prof. Dr. Hugo L. Obwegeser at the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina , accessed on December 14, 2017.
  10. Award of honorary membership of the German Society for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery to Prof. Dr. Dr. H. c. mult. Hugo L. Obwegeser. In:, accessed December 5, 2016.
  11. Hugo Lorenz Obwegeser obituary notice. In: NZZ . September 9, 2017. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  12. US National Library of Medicine: Search for publications by "Obwegeser H". In: National Institutes of Health . Search database, accessed December 14, 2017 (93 results; with web links to the articles).