Slightly yellow colored, chlorine-lime-like smelling substance that is only persistent in aqueous solution.
|External identifiers / databases|
|Molar mass||52.46 g mol −1|
|pK s value||
soluble in water
|As far as possible and customary, SI units are used. Unless otherwise noted, the data given apply to standard conditions .|
Hypochlorous acid ( HClO , obsolete hypochlorous acid ) is a colorless (concentrated solutions are colored pale yellow by dichloroxide ), chlorine-lime- like smelling, only weakly dissociating acid . It has a whitening and oxidizing effect .
Extraction and presentation
Chloride-free hypochlorous acid can also be produced by reacting dichloroxide with water.
The oxidizing effect is more pronounced in acidic than in alkaline, which is expressed in a higher redox potential. The following results for the individual numerical values:
|Normal potential at|
|pH = 0||pH = 14|
|ClO - / Cl -||+1495 mV||+855 mV|
Disinfection of bath water in swimming pools, for example with long-term chlorination with trichloroisocyanuric acid tablets (TCCS), which slowly react with the pool water to form cyanuric acid and hypochlorous acid. In rare cases, hypochlorous acid is also used to treat drinking water .
Hypochlorous acid is only a weak acid; However, due to its strong oxidizing effect, it can still cause skin irritation and even chemical burns. When they disintegrate, highly caustic substances such as chloric acid and hydrochloric acid are produced , which can completely kill or even completely decompose organic tissue within a very short time. It should be noted that hypochlorous acid must never be used to oxidize alcohols, as it can esterify them to form highly explosive alkyl hypochlorites . The explosive nitrogen trichloride is formed with ammonia .
- A. F. Holleman , E. Wiberg , N. Wiberg : Textbook of Inorganic Chemistry . 102nd edition. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-11-017770-1 , pp. 466-468.
- This substance has either not yet been classified with regard to its hazardousness or a reliable and citable source has not yet been found.
- G. Brauer (ed.), Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry 2nd ed., Volume 1, Academic Press 1963, pp. 308-309.
- potential and free chlorine. (No longer available online.) Biostel Technology, archived from the original on May 20, 2016 ; accessed on May 20, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.