Ibarra on the map of Ecuador
|City foundation||September 29, 1606|
|surface||1126 km 2|
|Population density||117 inhabitants / km 2|
|Time zone||UTC -5|
|City Presidency||Pablo Jurado ( ID )|
|La Merced Basilica (2012)|
Ibarra (actually San Miguel de Ibarra ) is the capital of the Ecuadorian province of Imbabura and the canton of Ibarra. Ibarra has 131,900 inhabitants (2010) and is located at an altitude of about 2210 m in the northern Andes of Ecuador, about 115 kilometers north of Quito . Because of its narrow streets and its colonial architecture (white houses with red roofs) Ibarra is also called "the white city".
The city was founded on September 29, 1606, the feast day of Archangel Michael , by Captain Cristobál de Troya on the instructions of Miguel de Ibarra, President of the Real Audiencia de Quito , on behalf of King Philip III. founded by Spain . Miguel de Ibarra came from the Basque Country , where there is also a city called Ibarra .
On July 17, 1823, the Battle of Ibarra took place near the city , in which the troops personally led by Simón Bolívar won a victory. In 1829 Ibarra became the provincial capital in Greater Colombia (later in Ecuador).
On August 16, 1868, Ibarra was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake and has been rebuilt since 1872. April 28, 1872 is the second day Ibarra was founded ( Retorno ).
Sights and tourist attractions
The rebuilt Ibarra exudes a colonial atmosphere, especially at the Parque Pedro Moncayo and Parque Victor Manuel Peñaherrera (known as Parque La Merced ).
Ibarra is the starting point for a train ride (nowadays only used by tourists) towards Salinas . On the route of the Ecuadorian Railway from Ibarra to San Lorenzo, both a bus ( autoferro / autocarril ) placed on the substructure of a train to Salinas (for less well-off locals) and a set of four cars behind a diesel locomotive run. Furthermore, the Otavalo- Ibarra line was restored for tourist rail traffic.
Every year, on the last weekend in September, the Fiestas de los Lagos ("Lake Festivals") take place in Ibarra , which are of regional importance.