|design type||VÖV bus|
|engine||Rába-MAN D 2156 HM6U|
|Floor height||740 mm|
|Seats||37 or 44 + 1|
|Standing room||75 or 61|
|Perm. total weight||16,000 kg|
|Similar models||Büssing BS 110 V , MAN 750 HO-SL , Magirus-Deutz SH 110 , Mercedes-Benz O 305|
In Hungary's endeavor to sell its own products on the Western European market, the plan arose to build buses according to the VÖV guidelines. To this end, the Hungarian foreign trade company for motor vehicles MOGÜRT established contact via Ferrostaal AG with the Gesellschaft für Verkehrsberatung und Verfahrenstechnik (GVV), a subsidiary of Hamburger Hochbahn (HHA). As a result of the negotiations, the Ikarus 190 rear-engined bus was rebuilt according to the plans in accordance with the then current VÖV guidelines for standard buses. This was done primarily in order to then sell it as a foreign exchange broker, especially to the Federal Republic of Germany.
In the autumn of 1971 a "test bus" was sent to Hamburg, which was used ("tested") by the HHA under the car number 2100 in the Mesterkamp depot. After the type test by the Federal Motor Transport Authority , the defective replica went back to Hungary. After improvements, it was shown again in Hamburg in 1972. As a result, an option contract for a maximum of 280 buses was concluded between MOGÜRT and the Hamburg transport company .
The series deliveries started in December 1973, but not to the HHA (this had meanwhile been tied to Daimler-Benz and accepted large numbers of the VÖV standard Mercedes-Benz O 305 bus ), but to the Hamburg transport company, which is also based in Hamburg. Holstein (VHH). The first delivery consisted of twenty vehicles, which were given the car numbers 7329-7348 and were used from Bergedorf . From 1975 to 1977 further deliveries were made from Hungary to VHH, which later also used these buses in the Neumünster and Norderstedt city transports . The number of 280 from the option contract was not reached, however, there were 154 cars. In the mid-1980s, the Ikarus 190 disappeared from the streets of (northern) German cities. At the beginning of the 1980s, however, 100 type 190 buses are said to have been delivered to Kuwait .
A copy of the first series (car 7345) was bought back by the VHH a few years ago in order to keep it as a museum car. Due to its very poor condition, however, a presentation and even more trips with it were not to be expected in the foreseeable future. That is why the bus was handed over to the Hamburger Omnibusverein (HOV) in spring 2009. There at least his condition is secured.
Technology and structure
For the Ikarus 190, Hungarian products were used except for the electrical system, steering and (manual) transmission. The 6-cylinder diesel engine from RÁBA under license from MAN with direct injection was arranged horizontally in the rear and developed 192 hp. The dimensions of the bus (e.g. windows, exterior lights) corresponded exactly to the German VÖV type recommendation, and the VÖV driver's seat was also available. However, the first series (like the early standard buses from Büssing, Magirus-Deutz and MAN) did not yet have the curved rear corner windows. Otherwise the Ikarus 190 bus was largely identical to the MAN SL 192 . The vehicle had the horizontally curved VÖV front windows, there were no versions with the StÜLB front. The upper front area around the windshield and destination display was black in the first series. In contrast to the German standard buses, the steps on the doors were made of molded plastic parts instead of sheet metal. The passenger seats, upholstered in red synthetic leather, were very comfortable thanks to their soft upholstery and reinforced side guides.
- Wolfgang Marotzke: Omnibuses in Hamburg: Ikarus 190 . In: Association of traffic amateurs and museum railways eV (ed.): Hamburger Nahverkehrsnachrichten . tape 22 , no. April 1 , 1975.
- Hamburger Omnibusverein eV / Vehicles / VHH city bus 7345
- MOGÜRT, Hungarian foreign trade company for motor vehicles (ed.): City bus Ikarus 190-11 M . Budapest.
- Jürgen Jacobi: 10 years of the standard bus . Verlag Wolfgang Zeunert, Gifhorn, ISBN 3-921237-40-8 , p. 38