Jan Alois Hanke

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Jan Alois Hanke (also Johann Nepomuk Aloys Hanke von Hankenstein , Jan Nepomuk Alois Hanke z Hankenštejna ) (born May 24, 1751 in Holešov , Moravia ; † March 26, 1806 in Prostějov ) was a Moravian enlightener , historian, writer and humanist.


Hanke studied at the Piarist grammar school in Kroměříž and later in Olomouc . After studying law, history and philology at the University of Vienna , he was appointed curator in 1777 and librarian at the University of Olomouc in 1785 . In 1773 he worked briefly as an administrator on the estate of Countess Kobenzlová. He taught the Czech language at the Academy of Nobles. At the end of the 80s he was entrusted with the management of the books that came from closed monasteries.

Hanke retired in 1791 and was raised to the nobility in 1796.


The Czech historian Arne Novák wrote about him "in his writings he always pursued the humanistic-practical goals in the spirit of Moravian patriotism and amicable philanthropy ..." He was gifted with languages ​​and stood out with a very broad general knowledge. Because of his hard work he became one of the leading representatives of the Enlightenment of the late 18th century in Moravia. As such, he is a member of the Illuminati Association and the Brno Masonic Lodge "To the true united friends".


His most important works include the German book Recommendation of the Bohemian Language and Literature (Vienna 1783, urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb10589471-8 ) and the publication of the library of the Moravian [sic!] Staatskunde (Vienna 1786). In his books he dealt with current questions of the abolition of serfdom and compulsory labor, as well as with economic issues. These were discussed with other members in foreign scholar circles.


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