Johann Ferdinand Roth

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Johann Ferdinand Roth (born February 7, 1748 in Nuremberg ; † January 21, 1814 in Nuremberg) was a Protestant pastor , enlightener and historian . He wrote several treatises on the history of Nuremberg and on economic and social problems of his time, including the multi-volume work History of Nuremberg Trade .


Roth was born in Nuremberg as the son of the bookbinder Georg Lorenz Roth and received his education first at the school of the Heilig-Geist-Spital , then at the high school in St. Egidien . From 1767/68 he studied theology at the University of Altdorf . Already at this time he was issuing calendars that were intended to bring (especially economic) knowledge to the people in the interests of enlightenment. His later writings were also intended to contribute to general education, and not infrequently also had a corresponding effect. In addition, Roth was a member of the Nuremberg Freemason Lodge To the Three Arrows .

In 1773 he took up his service as city vicar in Nuremberg, in 1781 he went to the parish of St. Jakob as a deacon . On the one hand, his publications dealt in particular with historical topics such as the Welser family , various aspects of the religious history of Nuremberg or the history of Gibraltar , but on the other hand also reveal his activities as a pastor (numerous books for children and young people, religious studies and sermons). In 1787 Roth published his non-profit lexicon for readers of all classes, especially for those who had not studied, which he characterized in the subtitle as a short and clear explanation of the expressions and idioms that occur in social affairs as well as in the arts and sciences , which can therefore be classified as a conversation lexicon . In 1792 he played a leading role in founding the Society for the Promotion of Patriotic Industry , which wanted to overcome the urban economic crisis of that time by stimulating the industry as well as educational activities.

In 1798 he moved to St. Sebald , where in 1806 he was promoted to Senior Capituli Sebaldini and in 1813 finally to the chief pastor. During this time he turned his interest more and more to the history of his hometown: His history of Nuremberg trade in four volumes (1800–1802), which, in addition to the glorious past, also took up the current situation and also attached a large role to statistics, became more important . In 1812 he was accepted into the Pegnese Flower Order .

Politically, he was neither entirely on the side of the French Revolution, nor was he one of the conservative members of the bourgeoisie.

Publications (selection)

  • Non-profit encyclopedia for readers of all classes, especially for those who have not studied; or a short and clear explanation of the idioms, expressions and made-up words most commonly used in oral conversations and written essays, in alphabetical order , new, improved and increased edition, Nuremberg: Ernst Christoph Grattenauer, 1791; Digitized
  • Life of Albrecht Dürer, the father of German artists: In addition to alphabetical lists of the places where his works of art are kept. Dykische Buchhandlung, Leipzig 1791 ( online ).
  • An attempt at a history of pharmacy in the free imperial city of Nuremberg. Scientific publishing company , Nuremberg 1792.
  • History of the Nuremberg trade - an attempt. 4 Bde. Böhme, Leipzig 1800 ff. (Online in the Google book search: First part (1800) , Zweyter part (1801) , third part (1801) , fourth and last part (1802) ).
  • Mythological Daktyliothek - In addition to a treatise on cut stones. Commission of the Steinische Buchhandlung, Nuremberg 1805 ( online ).
  • From the Nuremberg eggs . In: The new German Merkur. 1808, No. 2, pp. 261-267.

Web links


  • Roth (Johann Ferdinand). In: Georg Andreas Will's Nürnbergisches Gelehrten-Lexicon or description of all Nuremberg scholars beyderley sexes according to their lives, merits and writings, to expand the learned history and improve many errors that have occurred therein from the best sources in alphabetical order / supplemented and continued by Christian Conrad Nopitsch . Part 7: Supplement Volume 3; N - R. Besson, Leipzig 1806, pp. 319–323 ( available from Google Books ); and supplements in: Part 8: Supplement-Volume 4; S - Z. Besson, Leipzig 1808, p. 469 ( available from Google Books ).
  • Clemens Alois Baader : Roth (Johann Ferdinand), pastor of Nuremberg . In: Ders: Lexicon of deceased Bavarian writers of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Volume 2.2: R - Z. Jenisch and Stage, Augsburg a. a. 1825, pp. 48-52 ( online ).
  • The directory of all named of the Greater Nuremberg Council by Johann Ferdinand Roth from 1802. Unchanged reprint of the edition from 1802, edited and commented by Peter Fleischmann and Manfred H. Grieb . Verlag für Kunstreproduktionen, Neustadt an der Aisch 2002, ISBN 3-89557-155-5 (Roth's biography, especially in the preface to the appendix, p. 5 ff.).

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Rainer Mertens , Udo Winkel: Society for the promotion of patriotic industry . In: Michael Diefenbacher , Rudolf Endres (Hrsg.): Stadtlexikon Nürnberg . 2nd, improved edition. W. Tümmels Verlag, Nuremberg 2000, ISBN 3-921590-69-8 ( complete edition online ).
  2. ↑ Root list of the Pegnesian Flower Order, No. 295.