Johann Friedrich Reiffenstein
Johann Friedrich Reiffenstein (also Reifstein and Reffenstein ; born November 22, 1719 in Ragnit , East Prussia ; † October 6, 1793 in Rome ) was a German Cicerone for prominent travelers, painters , antiquarians and art agents during the Enlightenment in Rome.
After studying law at the University of Königsberg , Reiffenstein got to know the Leipzig scholar and initiator of the German societies Johann Christoph Gottsched in his capacity as secretary of the German Society in Königsberg . After a stopover at the Hessian court in Kassel, he accompanied Count Rochus zu Lynar's son on his study trip from 1760–1762 through Europe and so came to Italy, where he was convinced to stay in Rome by Johann Joachim Winckelmann and his circle. In 1767 he moved into his final apartment on the ground floor of the Palazzo Zuccari . In 1768 Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov appointed him agent of the St. Petersburg Academy in Rome. This is how cork models of the classical architectural monuments by Antonio Chichi and plaster casts came to Petersburg. Duke Ernst II of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg appointed him his art agent in Rome in 1772 and with his help expanded the collections at Friedenstein Castle in Gotha . In 1778, through the mediation of Friedrich Melchior Grimm , Reiffenstein advanced to become the art collector of Tsarina Katharina II , with whom he also corresponded regularly until 1793. The correspondence clearly shows how Katharina's great art and manuscript collections were built up.
From 1782 until his death he had a close relationship with the painter Angelika Kauffmann .
Reiffenstein had been an honorary member of the Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin (Fine Arts Section) since 1790 .
- Wilhelm Adolf Schmidt: Reifenstein, Johann Friedrich . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 27, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1888, p. 685 f.
- Brita von Götz-Mohr: “Amico optimo”. Franz Graf zu Erbach-Erbach (1754–1823), Johann Friedrich Reiffenstein (1719–1793) and the antique collections in Erbach im Odenwald , 2006. In: Peter C. Bol (ed.): The model in the visual arts of the Middle Ages and The modern era. Festschrift for Herbert Beck . Imhof, Petersberg 2006. ISBN 3-86568-113-1
- Jan Lauts: The monogrammist FR from 1760. Johann Friedrich Reiffenstein and his student Margravine Karoline Luise von Baden . In: Yearbook of the State Art Collections in Baden-Württemberg 19, 1982, 69–76.
- A. Hagen: Johann Friedrich Reiffenstein . In: Old Prussian monthly . Volume 2, Königsberg i. Pr. 1865, pp. 506-536.
- Felicitas v. Aretin: Katharina's "divine" . In: Der Tagesspiegel from November 24, 2007
- Christoph Frank: Agents, a new field of research in the field of historical comparative literature: The case of the Roman antiquarian Johann Friedrich Reiffenstein (1719–1793): Research report 2007 - Bibliotheca Hertziana - Max Planck Institute for Art History
- Copper engraving portrait at museum-digital: sachsen-Anhalt
|SURNAME||Reiffenstein, Johann Friedrich|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Reifstein, Johann Friedrich; Reffenstein, Johann Friedrich|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German painter, antiquarian and art agent, as well as Cicerone for travelers|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 22, 1719|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Ragnit , East Prussia|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 6, 1793|
|Place of death||Rome|